| – English Title: Hundreds Deities of Tushita
– Tibetan: GANDEN LHA GYA MA
– Ngôn ngữ: Anh – Việt – Tạng Âm
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như
Điều kiện – Prerequisites: Mọi người đều có thể đọc và hành trì – Everyone can read and practice
| – English Title: The Foundation of All Good Qualities
– Tibetan: ཡོན་ཏན་གཞིར་གགྱུར་མ།
Tác Giả (Author): Lama Tông Khách Ba (sơ tổ dòng Gelug)
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như – bản dịch 2011.
|– Tựa đề (title):
༄༅ །།འཕགས་པ་བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་སྨོན་ལམ་གྱི་རྒྱལ་པོ།། <link to the source>
– English: the King of Prayers of Arya Samantabhadra’s Conduct <link to the source>
– Français: <la Reine des Prières d’Aspiration> <link to the source>
– Tiếng Việt: Phổ Hiền Hạnh Nguyện Vương
– Tác giả (author): kinh Phật (Buddha’s words)
– Ngôn ngữ (languages available): tạng văn, tạng âm, anh, pháp, việt (Tibetan, phonetics, English, French, Vietnamese).
– Văn bản:
The King of Prayers of Arya Samantabhadra’s Conduct
La Reine des Prières d’Aspiration : L’Aspiration aux Actions Bénéfiques de Samantabhadra
Hạnh Nguyện Vương Phổ Hiền
in the language of India [Sanskrit – phạn ngữ): Ārya bhadracarya praṇidhāna rāja
in the language of Tibet (tibétain – tạng ngữ): pak pa zang po cho pé mon lam gyi gyalpo
– the translators’ homage – l’hommage des traducteurs – dịch giả đảnh lễ
jam pal shyön nur gyur pa la chak tsal lo
I prostrate to Arya youthful Manjushri.
Hommage à Manjusri le juvénile !
Đệ tử kính lễ bồ tát Văn thù, sắc tướng trẻ trung
– the meaning of the text – le sens du texte – ý nghĩa chánh văn 
—a. prostration – prosternation – đảnh lễ 
—- 1. combined prostration of all three doors of activities – prostration combinée des trois portes d’activités – đảnh lễ bằng trọn ba cửa thân khẩu và ý
༡ ༽ ཇི་སྙེད་སུ་དག་ཕྱོགས་བཅུའི་འཇིག་རྟེན་ན། །
ji nyé su dak chok chü jik ten na
1) To all lions of men, the sugathas of the three times
1) À tous les Bouddhas, les lions de la race humaine,
1) Hết thảy chư Phật / trong ba thời gian / là bậc sư tử / trong cõi con người/
dü sum shek pa mi yi sen gé kün
to as many as they exist in the worlds of the ten directions
dans toutes les directions de l’univers, à travers passé, présent et futur,
tại các thế giới / khắp cả mười phương
dak gi ma lü de dak tham ché la
I prostrate to all of them without exception
à chacun d’entre vous, je rends hommage en me prosternant ;
tôi vận dụng đủ / ba nghiệp trong sạch
lü dang ngak yi dang wé chak gyi o
with body, speech and clear mind.
la dévotion emplit mon corps, ma parole et mon esprit.
kính lạy khắp cả / không có thiếu sót.
—- 2. physical prostration – prostration physique – thân đảnh lễ
༢ ༽ བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་སྨོན་ལམ་སྟོབས་དག་གིས། །
2) zang po chö pé mön lam tob dak gi
2) Through the strength of prayer of noble conduct
2) Par le pouvoir de cette prière, cette aspiration aux actions bénéfiques
2) Năng lực uy thần / của hạnh phổ hiền
gyal wa tham ché yi kyi ngön sum du
all the conquerors appear directly to my mind
tous les victorieux m’apparaissent ici clairement à l’esprit
làm tôi hiện khắp / trước chư Như lai,
shying gi dul nyé lü rab tü pa yi
I bow deeply with as many bodies as the atoms of the fields
et je multiplie mon corps autant de fois qu’il y a d’atomes dans l’univers,
một thân tôi hiện / thân như cực vi
gyal wa kün la rab tu chak tsal lo
and fully prostrate to all conquerors.
chacun se prosternant en hommage devant tous les Bouddhas.
lạy khắp chư Phật / cũng như cực vi. /
—- 3. mental prostration – prostration mentale – ý đảnh lễ
༣ ༽ རྡུལ་གཅིག་སྟེང་ན་རྡུལ་སྙེད་སངས་རྒྱས་རྣམས། །
3) dul chik teng na dul nyé sang gye nam
3) On every atom (there) are Buddhas as many as the atoms that exist
3) Dans chaque atome président autant de Bouddhas qu’il y a d’atomes,
3) Trong một cực vi / có chư Phật đà / nhiều bằng cực vi,
sang gye sé kyi ü na shyuk pa dak
seated in the centre of the children of Buddhas.
entourés de leurs héritiers, les bodhisattvas ;
và đều ở trong / chúng hội Bồ tát; /
de tar chö kyi ying nam malüpa
thus I appreciate that all dharma spheres without exception
je les imagine ainsi emplissant
cực vi tất cả / pháp giới vô tận / cũng là như vậy,
tham ché gyal wa dak gi gang war mö
are filled completely with conquerors.
complètement tout l’espace de la réalité.
tâm tôi tin Phật / thật sâu và đầy./
—- 4. verbal prostration – prostration verbale – khẩu đảnh lễ
༤ ༽ དེ་དག་བསྔགས་པ་མི་ཟད་རྒྱ་མཚོ་རྣམས། །
4) de dak ngak pa mi zé gya tso nam
4) With every sound of an ocean of melodies
4) Je les salue d’un océan infini de louanges ;
4) Nên biển âm thanh / tôi vận dụng cả,
yang kyi yen lak gya tsö dra kün gyi
and an ocean of these inexhaustible praises
aux sons d’un océan de mélodies variées,
xuất ra vô tận / lời chữ nhiệm mầu,
gyal wa kün gyi yön ten rab jö ching
I pronounce the qualities of all conquerors
je chante les nobles qualités des Bouddhas
cùng tận thời kỳ / của thì vị lai
de war shek pa tham ché dak gi tö
and praise all sugatas.
et loue tous ceux qui ont atteint la félicité suprême.
tán dương biển cả / công đức của Phật.
—b. offerings – offrandes – cúng dường 
—- 1. ordinary offerings – offrandes ordinaires – cúng phẩm thường
༥ ༽ མེ་ཏོག་དམ་པ་ཕྲེང་བ་དམ་པ་དང་། །
5) me tok dam pa treng wa dam pa dang
5) With immaculate flowers and immaculate garlands,
5) À chaque Bouddha, je fais l’offrande
5) Tôi đem vòng hoa / tốt đẹp hơn hết,
sil nyen nam dang juk pa duk chok dang
cymbals perfumed ointments, supreme parasols and well as
de fleurs ravissantes, de guirlandes magnifiques,
âm nhạc, hương xoa, / tàn lọng, bảo cái,
mar mé chok dang duk pö dam pa yi
supreme butter lamps and immaculate incense,
de musique et de baumes parfumés, des plus belles ombrelles,
đèn, hương, phẩm vật / hơn hết như vậy,
gyal wa de dak la ni chö par gyi
I make offerings to these conquerors.
des lampes les plus brillantes et du meilleur encens.
tôi đem hiến cúng / chư vị Như lai.
༦ ༽ ན་བཟའ་དམ་པ་རྣམས་དང་དྲི་མཆོག་དང་། །
6) na za dam pa nam dang dri chok dang
6) By (arranging) immaculate garments and supreme aromas
6) À chaque Bouddha, je fais l’offrande
6) Y phục hơn hết, / hương liệu hơn hết,
che ma pur ma ri rab nyam pa dang
and powdered incense as high as the supreme mountain (meru)
de splendides vêtements, des senteurs les plus suaves,
hương bột, hương đốt, / cùng với đèn đuốc,
kö pa khye par pak pé chok kün gyi
in a formation that is superior and supreme in every (aspect)
et de poudre d’encens, en tas aussi hauts que le mont meru,
tất cả đều như / diệu cao núi lớn (núi tu di),
gyal wa de dak la ni chö par gyi
I make offerings to these conquerors.
disposés en parfaite symétrie.
tôi đem hiến cúng / chư vị Như lai.
—- 2. unsurpassable offerings – offrandes inégalables – cúng phẩm vô thượng
༧ ༽ མཆོད་པ་གང་རྣམས་བླ་མེད་རྒྱ་ཆེ་བ། །
7) chö pa gang nam la mé gya che wa
7) Vast unsurpassable offerings
7) Puis, inspiré par ma dévotion envers tous les bouddhas et
7) Tôi đem cái biết / cao rộng hơn hết
de dak gyal wa tham ché la yang mö
I imagine for all conquerors
mû par le pouvoir de ma foi dans les actions bénéfiques,
tin tưởng sâu xa / tam thế chư Phật,
zang po chö la de pé tob dak gi
through the strength of faith in the noble conduct
je me prosterne devant tous les victorieux et leur présente
vận dụng sức mạnh / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền
gyal wa kün la chak tsal chö par gyi
I prostrate and offer to all conquerors.
ces offrandes immenses et insurpassables.
mà khắp hiến cúng / chư vị Như lai.
—c. confession of negativity – confession de la négativité – sám hối tội chướng
༨ ༽ འདོད་ཆགས་ཞེ་སྡང་གཏི་མུག་དབང་གིས་ནི། །
8) dö chak shye dang ti muk wang gi ni
8) Whatever negativity exist and I have done
8) Quels que soient les actes négatifs que j’ai commis
8) Bao nhiêu nghiệp dữ / xưa kia tôi làm,
lü dang ngak dang de shyin yi kyi kyang
with my body, speech and similarly with my mind
sous l’emprise du désir, de la haine et de l’ignorance,
đều bởi vô thỉ / những tham sân si,
dik pa dak gi gyi pa chi chi pa
due to the power of attachment, hatred and confusion
avec mon corps, ma parole, ainsi que mon esprit,
động thân ngữ ý / mà phát sinh ra,
de dak tham ché dak gi so sor shak
I confess all of them individually.
devant vous je les confesse et les purifie tous sans exception.
ngày nay tôi nguyện / sám hối tất cả.
—d. rejoicing – réjouissance – tùy hỉ
༩ ༽ ཕྱོགས་བཅུའི་རྒྱལ་བ་ཀུན་དང་སངས་རྒྱས་སྲས། །
9) chok chü gyal wa kün dang sang gye sé
9) I rejoice in the virtue of all conquerors of the ten directions,
9) Le cœur plein d’allégresse, je me réjouis de tous les mérites
(9) Mười phương hết thảy / các loại chúng sinh,
rang gyal nam dang lob dang mi lob dang
that of the children of the Buddhas,
des bouddhas et des bodhisattvas,
cùng với các vị / thanh văn, duyên giác, / tu học tiếp tục,
dro wa kün gyi sö nam gang la yang
that of solitary realizers, learners and non-learners
des pratyekabuddha, de ceux qui sont encore sur le chemin et des arhats au delà du chemin,
tu học hoàn tất, / tất cả Như lai, / cùng với bồ tát,
de dak kün gyi je su dak yi rang
and in the merit of all migrators.
ainsi que de chaque être vivant, dans la totalité de l’univers.
công đức có gì / tôi tùy hỷ cả.
—e. urging to turn the wheel of dharma – requête à tourner la roue du dharma – thỉnh chuyển pháp luân
༡༠ ༽ གང་རྣམས་ཕྱོགས་བཅུའི་འཇིག་རྟེན་སྒྲོན་མ་རྣམས། །
10) gang nam chok chü jik ten drön ma nam
10) All those who are the beacons of the worlds in the ten directions,
10) Vous qui êtes comme des phares dont la lumière éclaire les mondes,
10) Mười phương đâu có / ngọn đèn thế giới /
jang chub rim par sang gye ma chak nyé
those who have found buddhahood without attachment
et qui avez traversé les étapes menant à l’éveil pour atteindre l’état de bouddha libre de tout attachement,
khi mới thành tựu / tuệ giác vô thượng,
gön po de dak dak gi tham ché la
in the stages of enlightenment, all those protectors
je vous exhorte, vous tous les protecteurs :
tôi xin thỉnh cầu / tất cả các Ngài
khor lo la na me par kor war kul
I urge to turn the unsurpassable wheel of dharma.
veuillez tourner l’insurpassable roue du dharma.
chuyển đẩy bánh xe / diệu pháp vô thượng.
—f. praying not to pass into paranirvana – requête aux bouddhas de ne pas passer en nirvana – thỈnh đừng nhập niết bàn
༡༡ ༽ མྱ་ངན་འདའ་སྟོན་གང་བཞེད་དེ་དག་ལ། །
11) nya ngen da tön gang shyé de dak la
11) To those wishing to demonstrate paranirvana
11) je joins les mains et prie :
11) Chư vị Như lai / muốn hiện niết bàn,
dro wa kün la pen shying de wé chir
I pray with my palms joined together:
vous qui avez l’intention de passer en nirvāṇa,
thì tôi chí thành / thỉnh cầu các Ngài
kal pa shying gi dul nyé shyuk par yang
for the benefit and happiness of all migrators
demeurez en ce monde autant d’éternités qu’il y a d’atomes,
sống với đời kiếp / nhiều như cực vi,
dak gi thal mo rab jar sol war gyi
please remain for as many eons as there are atoms in the fields.
et apportez bien-être et bonheur à tous les êtres vivants.
để làm lợi lạc / hết thảy chúng sinh.
—g. dedication – dédicace – hồi hướng
༡༢ ༽ ཕྱག་འཚལ་བ་དང་མཆོད་ཅིང་བཤགས་པ་དང་། །
12) chak tsal wa dang chö ching shak pa dang
12) Whatever little virtue I have accumulated through
12) Le peu de mérite que j’ai accumulé par cet hommage,
12) Lạy Phật, khen Phật, / và hiến cúng Phật,
je su yi rang kul shying sol wa yi
prostrating, making offerings, confessing,
par l’offrande, la confession et la réjouissance,
xin Phật ở đời / và chuyển pháp luân,
ge wa chung zé dak gi chi sak pa
rejoicing, urging and praying
par mon exhortation et ma prière, tout cela,
tùy hỷ sám hối / bao thiện căn ấy
tham ché dak gi jang chub chir ngo o
I dedicate them all towards enlightenment.
je le dédie à l’éveil de tous les êtres.
tôi đem hồi hướng / nguyện thành trí Phật.
–ii. the actual practices – les pratiques réelles – pháp tu chính 
—a. practicing the on the ground of resolute conduct – pratiquer sur le terrain de la conduite résolue – tu trên địa hạnh nguyện 
—-1. training to purify intention – entraînement pour purifier l’intention – nguyện tịnh tâm ý 
—–a. aspiration to make offerings to the Buddhas and that they perfectly complete their intentions – aspiration pour faire des offrandes aux bouddhas et qu’ils complètent parfaitement leurs intentions –nguyện hiến cúng Phật, bậc tâm ý viên mãn
༡༣ ༽ འདས་པའི་སངས་རྒྱས་རྣམས་དང་ཕྱོགས་བཅུ་ཡི། །
13) de pé sang gye nam dang chok chu yi
13) May my offerings be made to the Buddhas of the past and
13) Que des offrandes soient faites aux bouddhas du passé,
(13) Nguyện mang cúng phẩm / dâng chư Phật đà
jik ten dak na gang shyuk chö par gyur
to those abiding in every world of the ten directions
et à tous ceux qui demeurent à présent dans les dix directions de cet univers !
trong thời quá khứ / trong thời hiện tại / ở khắp mười phương
gang yang ma jön de dak rab nyur war
and may those who have not yet come, very quickly
que tous ceux qui sont encore à venir réalisent promptement leurs souhaits
và xin nguyện cho / chư Phật sẽ thành
sam dzok jang chub rim par sang gye chön
complete the intention of enlightenment and gradually come as Buddhas.
et gravissant les étapes de l’éveil, atteignent l’état de bouddha.
mau chóng phát tâm / sớm thành chánh quả.
—-b. intention to thoroughly purify buddha fields – intention de purifier complètement les champs de bouddha – nguyện làm sạch cõi Phật
༡༤ ༽ ཕྱོགས་བཅུ་ག་ལའི་ཞིང་རྣམས་ཇི་སྙེད་པ། །
14) chok chu ga lé shying nam ji nye pa
14) May however many fields exist in the ten directions become vast and completely pure
14) Que tous les mondes qui existent dans les dix directions
14) Tất cả thế giới / khắp cả mười phương / rộng lớn trong sạch /
de dak gya cher yong su dak par gyur
and may they will be filled completely by conquerors who have
se transforment en vastes royaumes parfaitement purs,
nhiệm mầu trang nghiêm, / ở đâu cũng có / đại hội bồ tát
jang chub shing wang drung shek gyal wa dang
proceeded to enlightenment under powerful bodhi trees and
peuplés entièrement de bouddhas qui se sont assis sous l’arbre puissant de la bodhi,
bao quanh chư Phật, / trong khi chư Phật
sang gye sé kyi rab tu gang war shok
by children of the Buddhas
avec autour d’eux, tous leurs fils et filles bodhisattvas !
cùng ngồi dưới cây / bồ đề đại thọ.
—-c. training in the special intention for happiness for all sentient beings – entraînement à l’intention spéciale pour le bonheur de toues les êtres vivants – luyện đại nguyện thành tựu phúc lợi cho chúng sinh
༡༥ ༽ ཕྱོགས་བཅུའི་སེམས་ཅན་གང་རྣམས་ཇི་སྙེད་པ། །
15) chok chü sem chen gang nam jin yé pa
15) May however many sentient beings exist in the ten directions
15) Que tous les êtres animés qui existent dans les dix directions
15) Cầu nguyện chúng sinh / khắp cả mười phương
de dak tak tu ne mé de war gyur
be always without sickness, may they have happiness
vivent à jamais heureux et en bonne santé !
thoát hết lo sợ / thường hưởng yên vui,
dro wa kün gyi chö kyi dön nam ni
and may the dharma-related purposed and hopes of all migrators
que tous les êtres rencontrent le dharma
thu hoạch lợi ích / của pháp sâu xa,
thün par gyur ching re wa ang drub par shok
be fulfilled accordingly.
qui leur convient le mieux ! et que tous leurs espoirs puissent ainsi être comblés !
diệt trừ phiền não / không còn thừa sót.
—-2. the path remembering bodhichitta – le chemin pour se souvenir de la bodhichitta – nguyện nhớ tâm bồ đề 
—–a. aspiration to remember previous births and to be ordained – aspiration à se souvenir des naissances précédentes et à prendre ordination – nguyện luôn nhớ đời trước, sống hạnh xuất gia
༡༦ ༽ བྱང་ཆུབ་སྤྱོད་པ་དག་ནི་བདག་སྤྱོད་ཅིང་། །
16) jang chub chö pa dak ni dak chö ching
16) May I practice of conduct of enlightenment
16) En pratiquant sur le chemin de l’éveil,
(16) Khi tôi tu tập / vì đại bồ đề
dro wa kün tu kye wa dren par gyur
may I remember (past) births in all migrations and
puissé-je me souvenir de toutes mes naissances antérieures,
thì ở loài nào / thọ mạng ra sao
tse rab kün tuchi po kye wa na
in all successive lives, at death, transference and birth
et dans toutes mes vies successives, dans la mort et dans la renaissance,
đi qua cảnh chết, / trung hữu, tái sinh
tak tu dak ni rab tu jung war shok
may I always be ordained.
puissé-je toujours renoncer à la vie mondaine !
đều nhớ đời trước, / thường được xuất gia.
—–b. aspiration not to allow the deterioration of ethics – aspiration à ne pas permettre la détérioration de l’éthique – nguyện không để giới thoái chuyển
༡༧ ༽ རྒྱལ་བ་ཀུན་གྱི་རྗེས་སུ་སློབ་གྱུར་ཏེ། །
17) gyal wa kün gyi je su lob gyur té
17) May I train in the footsteps of all conquerors and
17) En suivant les traces de tous les bouddhas victorieux,
(17) Noi gót Thế tôn
zang po chö pa yong su dzok jé ching
thoroughly complete the noble conduct
puissé-je mener les actions bénéfiques à leur entière perfection,
nghiêm giữ tịnh giới,
tsultrim chö pa dri mé yong dak pa
may I always practice non-deteriorated and faultless,
puisse ma conduite et ma discipline être toujours impeccables et pures,
không để giới thể / bị dơ bị vỡ
tak ma nyam kyön mé chö par shok
stainless, thoroughly pure moral conduct.
sans aucune défaillance ni aucune faute.
hay bị xuyên thủng / hoặc bị sơ suất.
—–c. aspiration to teach dharma in individual languages – aspiration pour enseigner le dharma dans les langages individuels – nguyện tùy ngôn ngữ giáo hóa
༡༨ ༽ ལྷ་ཡི་སྐད་དང་ཀླུ་དང་གནོད་སྦྱིན་སྐད། །
18) lha yi ké dang lu dang nö jin ké
18) May I teach the dharma in all languages
18) Dans la langue des dieux, des nāga et des yakṣa,
18) Tất cả chư thiên / cùng với quỉ thần,
drul bum dak dang mi yi ké nam dang
however many languages of migrators (exist, such as)
dans la langue des démons et dans celle aussi des humains,
hết thảy nhân loại / và bao loài khác,
dro wa kün gyi dra nam ji tsam par
the languages of gods, nagas, yakshas,
dans autant de langues différentes qui existent,
bao nhiêu chúng sinh / bao nhiêu tiếng nói,
tham ché ké du dak gi chö ten to
vampires and humans.
je proclamerai le dharma dans la langue de tous !
tôi dùng tiếng ấy / mà thuyết pháp cho.
—–d. aspiration to soften one’s mental continuum and to exert in the six perfections – aspiration pour adoucir son continuum mental et exercer dans les six perfections – nguyện tâm nhu nhuyễn, luyện hạnh ba la mật
༡༩ ༽ དེས་ཤིང་ཕ་རོལ་ཕྱིན་ལ་རབ་བརྩོན་ཏེ། །
19) dé shing pa rol chin la rab tsön té
19a) Through that and through exertion in the (six) perfections
19) Domptant mon esprit et m’efforçant de pratiquer les pāramitā,
19) Siêng tu các pháp / ba la mật đa / cực kỳ trong sáng,
jang chub sem ni nam yang jé ma gyur
may the mind of bodhichitta never be forgotten.
je n’oublierai jamais la bodhicitta ;
thường xuyên chuyên chú / không để quên mất / tâm đại bồ đề,
—–e. aspiration to abandon negativities and obscurations – aspiration à abandonner les négativités et les obscurcissements – nguyện từ bỏ ác hạnh ác chướng
dik pa gang nam drib par gyur pa dak
19b) May whatever negativities that are obscurations (exist)
Puissent toutes mes actions négatives et les obscurcissements qu’elles causent
Diệt trừ dơ bẩn
de dak ma lü yong su jang war shok
be thoroughly cleansed.
être complètement purifiés jusqu’au dernier.
không cho sót lại,
—-3. unaffected application – application non affectée – không vướng nhiễm tâm
༢༠ ༽ ལས་དང་ཉོན་མོངས་བདུད་ཀྱི་ལས་རྣམས་ལས། །
20) lé dang nyön mong dü kyi lé nam lé
20) May I be liberated from the actions of the demons of karma and afflictions
20) Puissé-je être libéré du karma, des émotions nuisibles et de l’œuvre de la négativité,
(20) Đối với mê lầm / cùng với nghiệp dữ, / đối với cảnh ngộ
drol shying jik ten dro wa nam su yang
and also in all worldly migrations may i
et agir pour tous les êtres dans le monde,
hiện thân ma vương, / trong cõi đời này / mà được siêu thoát,
ji tar pe mo chü mi chak pa shyin
remain without attachment , like the lily is with the water and
tout comme la fleur de lotus à laquelle ni l’eau ni la boue ne peuvent adhérer,
tựa như hoa sen / không hề dính nước,
nyi da nam khar thok pa mé tar ché
like the sun and moon (that move) unhindered in the sky.
ou le soleil et la lune dont la course est sans obstacle dans le ciel.
cũng như nhật nguyệt / không vướng không gian.
—-4. benefiting sentient beings – aider les êtres vivants – lợi ích chúng sinh
༢༡ ༽ ཞིང་གི་ཁྱོན་དང་ཕྱོགས་རྣམས་ཅི་ཙམ་པར། །
21) shying gi khyön dang chok nam chi tsam par
21) May I thoroughly pacify the suffering of lower migrations
21) Partout, dans toute l’étendue de l’univers,
21) Tận trừ toàn bộ / nỗi khổ đường dữ,
ngen song duk ngal rab tu shyi war jé
in however many vast fields and directions (it exists).j’apaiserai complètement la souffrance de tous les royaumes inférieurs,
bình đẳng cho vui / bao loại sinh linh,
de wa dak la dro wa kün gö ching
may I place all migrators in many types of happiness
conduirai tous les êtres au bonheur
trải qua thời kỳ / nhiều như cực vi,
dro wa tham ché la ni pen par ché
and may I practice that which is beneficial for all.
et agirai pour le bénéfice ultime de chacun.
lợi ích mười phương / không có cùng tận.
—-5. putting on the armor – mettre l’armure – mặc áo giáp
༢༢ ༽ བྱང་ཆུབ་སྤྱོད་པ་ཡོངས་སུ་རྫོགས་བྱེད་ཅིང་། །
22) jang chub chub chö pa yong su dzok jé ching
22) May I thoroughly complete the conduct of enlightenment and
22) J’accomplirai l’action éveillée à la perfection,
22) Tôi hằng tùy thuận / các loại chúng sinh,
sem chen dak gi chö dang thün par juk
cause sentient beings to enter in accordance with their conduct,
servirai les êtres de façon appropriée à leurs besoins,
cùng tận thời kỳ / của thì vị lai,
zang po chö pa dak ni rab tön ching
may I teach them well (various) noble conducts and
leur enseignerai à accomplir des actions bénéfiques
thường xuyên tu tập / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền
ma ong kal pa kün tu chö par gyur
may I practice them in all future eons.
et continuerai ainsi dans toutes les ères à venir.
cực kỳ rộng lớn / viên mãn thành tựu / tuệ giác bồ đề / cực kỳ tối thượng.
—-6. aspiration to meet with bodhisattvas of equal fortune – aspiration à rencontrer des bodhisattvas d’égale fortune – nguyện gặp bồ tát đồng tu
༢༣ ༽ བདག་གི་སྤྱོད་དང་མཚུངས་པར་གང་སྤྱོད་པ། །
23) dak gi chö dang tsung par gang chö pa
23) May I always befriend
23) Puissé-je toujours rencontrer et être en compagnie de
23) Bao nhiêu những người / đồng hành với tôi,
de dak dang ni tak tu drok par shok
those whose conduct is similar to mine.
ceux qui agissent en accord avec moi ;
nguyện ở chỗ nào / cũng thường gặp nhau,
lü dang ngak nam dang ni sem kyi kyang
may through body, speech and also mind
et puissent les actions et les aspirations de notre corps, de notre parole ainsi que de notre esprit,
thân ngữ và ý / đều như nhau cả,
chö pa chö pa dak dang mön lam chik tu ché
pure conduct and prayer be practiced as one.
être toujours une !
cùng nhau tu học / hết thảy hạnh nguyện.
—-7. aspiration to meet and please virtuous friends – aspiration à avoir des maîtres authentiques et à leur plaire – nguyện gặp và làm đẹp lòng bậc thiện tri thức
༢༤ ༽ བདག་ལ་ཕན་པར་འདོད་པའི་གྲོགས་པོ་དག །
24) dak la pen par dö pé drok po dak
24) May I always meet with those friends who
24) Puissé-je toujours rencontrer des amis spirituels
24) Những thiện trí thức / lợi ích cho tôi,
zang po chö pa rab tu tön pa nam
whish to benefit me and who
qui aspirent à m’aider véritablement
chỉ dẫn cho tôi / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền,
de dak dang yang tak tu tre par shok
teach well the noble conduct;
et m’enseigne les actions bénéfiques ;
cũng nguyện thường xuyên / được gặp gỡ nhau,
de dak dak gi nam yang yi mi yung
may I never disappoint their minds.
jamais je ne les décevrai !
lại nguyện thường xuyên / hoan hỷ cho tôi.
—-8. aspiration to see the Buddhas and serve them in person – aspiration à voir les bouddhas et à les servir en personne – nguyện thấy và phụng sự chư Phật
༢༥ ༽ སངས་རྒྱས་སྲས་ཀྱིས་བསྐོར་བའི་མགོན་པོ་རྣམས། །
25) sang gye sé kyi kor wé gön po nam
25) May I always behold directly the conquerors,
25) Puissé-je toujours voir les bouddhas, là devant mes yeux,
25) Nguyện thường nhìn thấy / chư vị Như lai,
ngön sum tak tu dak gi gyal wa ta
protectors surrounded by the children of the buddha.
et autour d’eux, tous leurs fils et filles bodhisattvas.
cùng chư bồ tát / vây quanh các Ngài,
ma ong kal pa kün tu mi kyo war
in all future eons may I never become impoverished
inlassablement, dans toutes les ères à venir,
đối với các Ngài / nguyện hiến cúng lớn,
de dak la yang chö pa gya cher gyi
and may I also make vast offerings to them.
puissent les offrandes que je leur fais être vastes et infinies.
cùng tận vị lai / không biết chán mệt.
—-9. aspiration to fully uphold the immaculate dharma – aspiration à préserver la prospérité du dharma – nguyện duy trì chánh pháp
༢༦ ༽ རྒྱལ་བ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་དམ་པའི་ཆོས་འཛིན་ཅིང་། །
26) gyal wa nam kyi dam pé chö dzin ching
26) May I uphold the immaculate dharma of the conquerors
26) Puissé-je préserver les enseignements sacrés des bouddhas,
26) Nguyện được duy trì / pháp mầu của Phật,
jang chub chö pa kün tu nang war jé
and illuminate every aspect of the conduct of enlightenment
et faire naître l’action éveillée ;
làm cho rực rỡ / hạnh nguyện bồ đề,
zang po chö pa nam par jong wa yang
may I practice the noble conduct (now) and
puissé-je parachever les actions bénéfiques
trong sạch rốt ráo / đường đi phổ hiền,
ma ong kal pa kün tu che par gyi
may I practice it in all future eons.
et les pratiquer dans tous les âges à venir.
cùng tận vị lai / thường xuyên tu tập.
—-10. aspiration to acquire inexhaustible treasures – aspiration à acquérir un trésor inépuisable – nguyện được kho báu bất tận
༢༧ ༽ སྲིད་པ་ཐམས་ཅད་དུ་ཡང་འཁོར་བ་ན། །
27) si pa tham ché du yang khor wa na
27) May I find inexhaustible treasures and gnosis
27) Tandis que j’erre dans tous les états de l’existence samsarique,
(27) ở trong tất cả / thế giới ba cõi,
sö nam ye she dak ni mi zé nyé
when circling in all (types) of existence
puissé-je accumuler un mérite et une sagesse inépuisables,
tôi tu phước trí / thường xuyên vô tận,
thab dang she rab ting dzin nam thar dang
may I become an inexhaustible treasury of all qualities,
et devenir ainsi un trésor inépuisable de nobles qualités,
định tuệ phương tiện / cùng với giải thoát,
yön ten kün gyi mi zé dzö du gyur
method, wisdom, concentration and freedom.
d’habileté et de discrnement, de samādhi et de libération !
được kho công đức / vô tận như vậy.
—b. practicing on the ground of arya bodhisattvas – pratiquer sur la terre d’arya bodhisattavas – tu trên địa bồ tát 
—-1. entering the freedom of all bodhisattvas – entrer dans la liberté de tous les bodhisattvas – nhập cõi tự tại của bồ tát 
—–a. aspiration to see the inhabitants of all pure realms existing in the ten directions on a single atom – aspiration à voir les habitants de tous les royaumes purs existant dans les dix directions sur un seul atome – nguyện thấy chúng hội ở khắp mười phương tịnh độ trong mỗi cực vi []
༢༨ ༽ རྡུལ་གཅིག་སྟེང་ན་རྡུལ་སྙེད་ཞིང་རྣམས་ཏེ། །
28) dul chik teng na dul nyé shying nam té
28) on every atom there are as many fields as the atoms that exist
28) En un seul atome, puissé-je voir autant de royaumes purs qu’il y a d’atomes dans l’univers :
28) Mỗi một cực vi / có số thế giới / nhiều bằng cực vi
shying der sam gyi mi khyab sang gye nam
the inconceivable Buddhas in these fields
et dans chaque royaume, des bouddhas au-delà de toute imagination,
mỗi một thế giới / có các đức Phật / khó thể nghĩ thấu,
sang gye sé kyi ü na shyuk pa la
abide surrounded by children of the Buddhas
entourés de leurs héritiers bodhisattvas.
mỗi một đức Phật / đều ở chính giữa / đại hội bồ tát,
jang chub che pa chö ching ta war gyi
I behold them and practice the conduct of enlightenment.
avec eux, puissé-je accomplir les actions éveillées !
và tôi nhìn thấy / các Ngài thường nói / hạnh nguyện bồ đề.
—–b. aspiration to see all pure fields in the ten directions – aspiration pour voir tous les champs purs dans les dix directions – nguyện thấy mọi cảnh tịnh độ ở khắp mười phương
༢༩ ༽ དེ་ལྟར་མ་ལུས་ཐམས་ཅད་ཕྱོགས་སུ་ཡང་། །
29) de tar ma lü tham ché chok su yang
29) Thus also in the expanse of a single hair there is an ocean
29) Et ainsi partout,dans chaque direction,
(29) Biển cả thế giới / khắp mười phương hướng,
tra tsam khyön la dü sum tsé nyé kyi
of as many Buddhas as they exist in the three times in every
même sur la pointe d’un cheveu, puissé-je voir un océan de bouddhas ‒
biển cả thì gian / nhiều bằng đầu lông,
sang gye gya tso shying nam gya tso dang
direction without exception and there is an ocean of pure fields
tous à venir dans le passé, le présent et le futur ‒ dans un océan de royaumes purs,
biển cả Phật đà, / biển cả quốc độ,
kal pa gya tso chö ching rab tu juk
and for an ocean of eons may I thoroughly engage in the practice of this conduct.
et durant un océan d’éternités, puissé-je entrer dans l’action éveillée dans chacun d’eux sans exception.
biển cả thời kỳ / mà tôi tu hành.
—–c. engaging the speech of the buddha – ecouter les paroles du bouddha – thâm nhập lời Phật
༣༠ ༽ གསུང་གཅིག་ཡན་ལག་རྒྱ་མཚོའི་སྒྲ་སྐད་ཀྱིས། །
30) sung chik yenlak gyatsö draké kyi
30) With a language of an ocean of qualities in every single word
30) Chaque mot de la parole d’un bouddha, cette voix avec l’océan de ses qualités,
(30) Chư vị Như lai / lời tiếng trong sáng,
gyal wa kün yang yenlak namdak pa
all conquerors speak with the pure qualities of melodiousness.
porte toute la pureté de la parole de tous les bouddhas,
mỗi tiếng đủ hết / biển cả âm thanh,
dro wa kün gyi sam pa jishyin yang
this melodiousness is in accordance with the thoughts of all migrators.
des sons qui s’harmonisent avec tous les esprits des êtres vivants :
những lời tiếng ấy / tùy ý chúng sinh,
sang gye sung la tak tu juk par gyi
may I always engage the speech of the buddha.
puissé-je être toujours tenu par la parole des bouddhas !
lời tiếng Như lai / nguyện luôn thâm nhập.
—–d. engaging the Tathagatas ’ turning of the wheel of dharma – entendre tourner les roues du dharma – thấu hiểu lời Phật chuyển pháp luân
༣༡ ༽ དུས་གསུམ་གཤེགས་པའི་རྒྱལ་བ་ཐམས་ཅད་དག །
31) dü sum shek péi gyal wa tham ché dak
31) I will also thoroughly engage through the strength of my min
31) usant de tout le pouvoir de mon esprit, puissé-je entendre et réaliser
(31) Chư vị Như lai / trong ba thì gian, / vận dụng vô tận
khor lö tsul nam rab tu kor wa yi
in the inexhaustible melody of the speech of
l’inépuisable mélodie des enseignements
biển cả lời tiếng, / thường chuyển pháp luân
de dak gi yang sung yang mizé la
all conquerors coming during the three times and
donnés par tous les bouddhas du passé, du présent et du futur,
lý thú nhiệm mầu, / nhưng trí tuệ lực / sâu xa của tôi
lo yi tob kyi dak kyang rab tu juk
turning the wheel (of dharma) in (different) ways.
quand ils tournent les roues du dharma !
có thể hội nhập / một cách toàn diện.
—–e. engaging the eons – entrer dans les éternités – thâm nhập toàn thể thời kỳ
༣༢ ༽ མ་འོངས་བསྐལ་པ་ཐམས་ཅད་འཇུག་པར་ཡང་། །
32) ma ong kal pa tham ché juk par yang
32) I can even enter in an instant
32) De même que la sagesse des bouddhas pénètre toutes les éternités futures,
32) Tôi thấu hiểu được / toàn thể thời kỳ
ke chik chik gi dak kyang juk par gyi
in all future eons
puissé-je moi aussi les connaître instantanément,
của thì vị lai / là một sát na,
gang yang kal pa dü sum tsé de dak
whatever is the measure of the eons in the three times
et en chaque fraction d’instant, puissé-je connaître
tôi cũng thấu hiểu / toàn thể thời kỳ
ke chik cha shé kyi ni shyuk par ché
I practice entering (them) in a fraction of an instance.
tout ce qui sera jamais dans le passé, le présent et le futur !
cả ba thì gian / là một sát na.
—–f. beholding the Tathagatas and engaging the object of their practice – contemplant les tathagathas et engageant l’objet de leur pratique – thấy Phật và thâm nhập lãnh vực của phât
༣༣ ༽ དུས་གསུམ་གཤེགས་པ་མི་ཡི་སེང་གེ་གང་། །
33) dü sum shek pa mi yi sen gé gang
33) In an instance I behold
33) En un instant, puissé-je voir tous ceux qui sont les lions de la race humaine ‒
33) Trong một sát na / mà tôi thấy hết
de dak ke chik chik la dak gi ta
the lions of men coming in the three times and
les bouddhas du passé, du présent et du futur !
tất cả chư Phật / trong ba thì gian, / là bậc sư tử / trong cõi con người
tak tu de dak gi ni chö yul la
I enter through the strength of illusory freedom
puissé-je être toujours engagé dans le mode de vie et d’action des bouddhas,
tôi thường thấu hiểu / lĩnh vực của Phật
gyu mar gyur pé nam thar tob kyi juk
in the object of their practice.
par le pouvoir de libération où tout est réalisé comme étant une illusion !
thể chứng các pháp / toàn như ảo thuật, / giải thoát cao sâu, / uy lực hùng mãnh.
—–g. actually establishing buddha fields – accomplir et entrer dans les terres pures – làm nên cõi Phật
༣༤ ༽ གང་ཡང་དུས་གསུམ་དག་གི་ཞིང་བཀོད་པ། །
34) gang yang dü sum dak gi shying köpa
34) Moreover I arrange the pure fields of the three times
34) En un seul atome, puissé-je faire apparaître réellement
34) Nơi mỗi cực vi / trên đầu sợi lông, / xuất hiện thế giới
de dak dul chik tengdu ngönpar drub
I actually establish them on a single atom.
tous les royaumes purs du passé, du présent et du futur ;
quá khứ hiện tại / cùng với vị lai / cực kỳ trang nghiêm.
detar ma lü chok nam tham ché du
thus I enter the array of the fields of conquerors
puis entrer dans ces royaumes purs de bouddhas,
thế giới mười phương / nhiều như cực vi / trên đầu sợi lông,
gyal wa dak gi shying nam kö la juk
in all directions, without exception.
dans chaque atome et dans toutes les directions.
tôi thâm nhập cả / mà làm toàn thể / trang nghiêm trong sạch.
—–h. aspiration to go towards the Tathagatas – entrer en présence du bouddhas – nguyện đến với Như lai
༣༥ ༽ གང་ཡང་མ་བྱོན་འཇིག་རྟེན་སྒྲོན་མ་རྣམས། །
35) gang yang ma jön jik ten drön ma nam
35) Moreover I proceed in front of all protectors,
35) Lorsque ceux qui illuminent le monde, encore à venir,
35) Cùng tận vị lai / có bao Phật đà / thành vô thượng giác
de dak rim par tsang gya khor lo kor
the future beacons of the world
atteignent graduellement l’état de bouddha, tournent la roue du dharma,
chuyển chánh pháp luân / mở mắt quần sinh
nya ngen de pa rab tu shyi tha tön
as they gradually become enlightened, the turn the wheel
et attestent la paix profonde et définitive du nirvāṇa :
ở trong ba cõi, / việc Phật hoàn tất / thị hiện niết bàn,
gön po kün gyi drung du dak chi o
and demonstrate the conclusion of paranirvana’s intense peace.
puissé-je être toujours en leur présence !
tôi đều đi đến / thân gần phụng sự.
—-2. prayer to establish the ten strengths of bodhisattvas – prière pour établir les dix forces des bodhisattvas – nguyện thành tựu mười lực bồ tát
༣༦ ༽ ཀུན་ཏུ་མྱུར་བའི་རྫུ་འཕྲུལ་སྟོབས་རྣམས་དང་། །
36) kün tu nyur wé dzu trul tob nam dang
36) The strength of all swift miracles,
36) Par le pouvoir de prompts miracles
36) Năng lực thần thông / đến mau khắp cả,
kün né go yi thek pé tob dak dang
the strength of the vehicle which is the gateway for all,
le pouvoir du véhicule, tel une porte,
năng lực đại thừa / biến thể toàn diện,
kün tu yön ten chö pé tob nam dang
the strength of conduct of all qualities,
le pouvoir de la conduite qui détient toutes les qualités vertueuses,
năng lực công đức / tu hết trí hạnh,
kün tu khyab pa jam pa dak gi tob
the strength of love which is all pervasive
le pouvoir de l’amour-tendresse, qui pénètre tout,
năng lực đại từ / che hết chúng sinh,
༣༧ ༽ ཀུན་ནས་དགེ་བའི་བསོད་ནམས་སྟོབས་དག་དང་། །
37) kün né ge wé sö nam tob dak dang
37) The strength of merit which is virtuous in all aspects,
37) Le pouvoir du mérite parfaitement pur,
(37) Năng lực thắng phước / trang hoàng khắp nơi,
chak pa me par gyur pé ye she tob
the strength of gnosis without formation,
le pouvoir de la sagesse libre d’attachement, et
năng lực thắng trí / không hề vướng mắc,
she rab thab dang tingdzin tob dak gi
the strengths of wisdom, method and concentration:
les pouvoirs de la connaissance, des moyens habiles et du samādhi,
năng lực uy thần / đủ mọi phương tiện
jang chub tob nam yang dak drub par jé
may I attain pure strength of enlightenment through these.
puissé-je accomplir parfaitement le pouvoir de l’éveil !
năng lực bồ đề / qui tụ hết thảy,
—-3. establishing the antidotes – aspiration aux antidotes qui pacifient les obscurcissements – thành tựu pháp đối trị
༣༨ ༽ ལས་ཀྱི་སྟོབས་རྣམས་ཡོངས་སུ་དག་བྱེད་ཅིང་། །
38) lé kyi tob nam yong su dak jé ching
38) May I thoroughly purify the strength of actions and
38) Puissé-je purifier le pouvoir du karma ;
(38) Năng lực thiện nghiệp / làm sạch tất cả,
nyön mong tob nam kün tu jom par jé
utterly destroy the strength of afflictions
détruire le pouvoir des émotions négatives,
năng lực diệt trừ / tất cả phiền não,
dü kyi tob nam tob mé rab jé ching
render the strength of demons powerless and
rendre la négativité complètement impuissante
năng lực chiến thắng / tất cả ma quân,
zang po chö pé tob ni dzok par gyi
complete the strength of noble conduct.
et parfaire le pouvoir des actions bénéfiques !
năng lực viên mãn / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền.
—-4. bodhisattva deeds – aapirations aux activités éveillées – hạnh bồ đề
༣༩ ༽ ཞིང་རྣམས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་རྣམ་པར་དག་བྱེད་ཅིང་། །
39) shying nam gya tso nam par dak jé ching
39) I will purify an ocean of fields
39) je purifierai des océans de royaumes,
39) Trang hoàng sạch sẽ / biển cả thế giới,
sem chen gya tso dak ni nam par drol
liberate an ocean of sentient beings
libèrerai des océans d’êtres animés,
giải thoát hết thảy / biển cả chúng sinh,
chö nam gya tso rab tu thong jé ching
see through an ocean of dharmas and
comprendrai des océans de dharma,
khéo léo phân biệt / biển cả các pháp,
ye she gya tso rab tu tok par jé
comprehend with an ocean of gnosis.
et réaliserai des océans de sagesse,
nhập vào sâu xa / biển cả trí tuệ,
༤༠ ༽ སྤྱོད་པ་རྒྱ་མཚོ་རྣམ་པར་དག་བྱེད་ཅིང་། །
40) chö pa gya tso nam par dak jé ching
40) I will perform an ocean of pure conducts
40) je parachèverai des océans d’actions,
40) Làm trong sáng hết / biển cả đại hạnh,
mön lam gya tso yong su dzok par jé
complete an ocean of prayers
exaucerai des océans d’aspirations
làm đầy đủ cả / biển cả đại nguyện,
sang gye gya tso rab tu chö jé ching
make offerings to an ocean of Buddhas
servirai des océans de bouddhas
thân gần hiến cúng / biển cả Phật đà,
kal pa gya tso mikyo chepar gyi
for an ocean of eons, without becoming weary.
et accomplirai ceci, sans jamais me lasser, à travers un océan de temps infini !
tu không mệt mỏi / biển cả thời kỳ.
—-5. training in the footsteps of others – entraînement sur les traces – noi gót 
—–a. training in the footsteps of Tathagatas – imiter les bouddhas – noi gót chân Phật
༤༡ ༽ གང་ཡང་དུས་གསུམ་གཤེགས་པའི་རྒྱལ་བ་ཡི། །
41) gang yang dü sum shek pé gyal wa yi
41) All the conquerors of the three times
41) Tous les bouddhas, dans tous les temps,
41) Bao nhiêu hạnh nguyện / tuệ giác tối thượng / của chư Như lai / trong ba thì gian, /
jang chub chö pé mön lam je drak nam
became enlightened through the noble conduct and
ont nt atteint l’éveil par les actions bénéfiques et
tôi tôn thờ cả / và tu đầy đủ:
zang po chö pé jang chub sang gye né
the specific prayers of the enlightened conduct:
leurs prières et aspirations à l’action éveillée :
vận dụng tất cả / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền
dé kün dak gi ma lü dzok par gyi
I will complete all these without exception.
puissé-je toutes les accomplir !
tôi giác ngộ được / vô thượng bồ đề.
༤༢ ༽ རྒྱལ་བ་ཀུན་གྱི་སྲས་ཀྱི་ཐུ་བོ་པ། །
42) gyal wa kün gyi sé kyi thu wo pa
42) The eldest of all conquerors’ children
42) L’aîné des fils de tous les bouddhas
42) Tất cả Như lai / đều có trưởng tử,
gang gi ming ni kun tu zang shye ja
is called Samantabhadra.
se nomme Samantabhadra : « parfaitement-bon » :
cùng một danh hiệu / danh hiệu Phổ hiền ;
khé pa dé dang tsung par che pé chir
in order to practice with a skill similar to his
afin de pouvoir agir avec autant de talent,
nay tôi hồi hướng / bao nhiêu thiện căn,
ge wa di dak tham ché rab tu ngo
I dedicate fully all this virtue.
je dédie complètement tous ces mérites !
nguyện bao trí tuệ / đồng đẳng các vị.
༤༣ ༽ ལུས་དང་ངག་དང་ཡིད་ཀྱང་རྣམ་དག་ཅིང་། །
43) lü dang ngak dang yi kyang nam dak ching
43) To purify my body, speech and mind
43our purifier mon corps, ma parole aussi bien que mon esprit,
43) Cả thân ngữ ý / thường xuyên trong sáng,
chö pa nam dak shying nam yong dak pa
to purify my conduct and to thoroughly purify fields
pour purifier mes actions, et tous les royaumes,
hạnh nguyện, quốc độ, / cũng đều như vậy:
ngo wa zang po khe pa chin dra wa
may I do a dedication that is similar to his
puissé-je être l’égal de Samantabhadra
trí tuệ đến thế / nên tên Phổ hiền,
den drar dak kyang dé dang tsung par shok
noble and skillful one.
dans son habileté à dédier parfaitement !
nguyện tôi đồng đẳng / với các vị ấy.
༤༤ ༽ ཀུན་ནས་དགེ་བ་བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་ཕྱིར། །
44) kün né ge wa zang po chö pé chir
44) In order to practice totally virtuous conduct
44) Afin d’accomplir la pleine vertu des actions bénéfiques,
44) Tôi vì trong sáng / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền,
jam pal gyi ni mön lam che par gyi
I will practice Manjushri’s prayer and
j’agirai en accord avec les prières d’aspiration de mañjuśrī, nên bao
hạnh nguyện / của ngài Văn thù,
ma ong kal pa kün tu mi kyo war
without becoming weary in future eons
et sans jamais me lasser, dans toutes les ères à venir,
tôi tu đủ cả / không có thiếu sót,
dé yi ja wa ma lü dzok par gyi
I will complete their actions without exception.
je remplirai parfaitement chacun de ses buts !
cùng tận vị lai / không hề mỏi mệt.
—-6. the meaning in brief – conclusion de l’aspiration – ý nghĩa tóm lượt
༤༥ ༽ སྤྱོད་པ་དག་ནི་ཚད་ཡོད་མ་གྱུར་ཅིག །
45) chö pa dak ni tsé yö ma gyur chik
45) May this conduct be without measure
45) Que mes actes de bodhisattva soient au-delà de toute mesure !
45) Sự tu của tôi / không có hạn lượng,
yön ten nam kyang tsé zung me par shok
may qualities not be restricted by any measure and
que mes qualités éveillées soient également sans mesure !
công đức đạt được / cũng không số lượng;
chö pa tse me pa la né né kyang
by abiding in this immeasurable conduct
m’en tenant à cette activité incommensurable,
đứng vững ở trong / vô lượng hạnh nguyện,
de dak trul pa tham ché tsal war gyi
may I set forth emanations.
puissé-je accomplir tous les pouvoirs miraculeux de l’éveil !
tôi thấu triệt hết / bao thần thông lực.
—c. the measure of actualizing the results of the prayer – la portée de l’aspiration – thước đo thành tựu hạnh nguyện
༤༦ ༽ ནམ་མཁའི་མཐར་ཐུག་གྱུར་པ་ཇི་ཙམ་པར། །
46) nam khé thar thuk gyur pa ji tsam par
46) Sentient beings are as limitless as
46) Les êtres animés sont illimités
46) Hư không cho đến / phiền não cùng tận,
sem chen ma lü tha yang de shyin té
the expanse of space.
comme l’étendue infinie de l’espace ;
đại nguyện của tôi / mới có cùng tận,
ji tsam lé dang nyön mong thar gyur pa
may my aspiration prayers be as limitless as
que mes prières d’aspiration pour eux
nhưng bốn thứ ấy / không có cùng tận,
dak gi mön lam tha yang det sam mo
the limitless karma and affliction of them all.
soient aussi illimitées que leur karma et leurs émotions négatives !
đại nguyện của tôi / cũng không cùng tận.
–iii. the benefits of having paid attention to this prayer – les bénéfices de l’aspiration – lợi ích phát khởi hạnh nguyện phổ hiền 
—a. benefits to be seen in this life – les bénéfices vus dans cette vie – lợi ích thấy trong đời này 
—-1. maintaining extraordinary merit – maintenir le mérite extraordinaire – duy trì công đức phi thường
༤༧ ༽ གང་ཡང་ཕྱོགས་བཅུའི་ཞིང་རྣམས་མཐའ་ཡས་པ། །
47) gang yang chok chü shying nam tha ye pa
47) Compared to someone who offers the conquerors
47) Quiconque entend cette reine des prières de dédicace,
47) Ai đem bảo vật / đầy cả thế giới
rin chen gyen té gyal wa nam la pul
limitless fields of the ten directions adorned with precious substances
et aspire à l’éveil suprême,
khắp mười phương hướng / mà hiến cúng Phật,
lha dang mi yi dewé chok nam kyang
as well as the supreme happiness of gods and humans
quiconque a eu la foi même un seul instant,
lại cho trời người / hạnh phúc tuyệt vời,
shying gi dul nyé kalpar pul wa bé
for as many eons as there are atoms in the fields
gagnera un vrai mérite, plus grand encore
và làm như vậy / trải qua thời kỳ / bằng số cực vi / của mọi thế giới.
༤༨ ༽ གང་གིས་བསྔོ་བའི་རྒྱལ་པོ་འདི་ཐོས་ནས། །
48) gang gi ngo wé gyal po di thö né
48) Whoever upon hearing this king of dedications
48) Qu’en offrant aux bouddhas victorieux
48) Và ai đối với / đại nguyện vương này
jang chub chok gi je su rab mö shing
yearns for supreme enlightenment
d’infinis royaumes purs dans toutes les directions, tous ornés de joyaux,
một lần nghe đến / mà sinh tin tưởng,
len chik tsam yang de pa kye pa na
and generates faith even once
ou en leur offrant toutes les joies les plus grandes des dieux et des humains,
với sự khao khát / vô thượng bồ đề,
sö nam dampé chok tu di gyur ro
will gain immaculate, supreme merit, superior to them.
durant autant d’éternités qu’il y a d’atomes dans ces royaumes.
thì được công đức / quá hơn người trước.
—-2. seeing the face of the tathagata after abandoning the lower migrations and evil companions – rencontrer les bouddhas après avoir abandonné les migrations inférieures et les compagnons diaboliques –từ bỏ ác đạo ác hữu, diện kiến Như lai
༤༩ ༽ གང་གིས་བཟང་སྤྱོད་སྨོན་ལམ་འདི་བཏབ་པས། །
49) gang gi zang chö mön lam di tab pé
49) Whoever recites this prayer aspiring for noble conduct
49) Quiconque pratique vraiment cette aspiration aux actions bénéfiques,
49) Và rồi xa rời / bạn bè xấu ác,
dé ni ngen song tham ché pong war gyur
abandons the lower migrations
ne renaîtra jamais dans les royaumes inférieurs ;
với lại xa hẳn / các nẻo đường dữ
dé ni drokpo ngen pa pangwa yin
abandons evil companions
ils ne connaîtront pas de compagnons nuisibles et
mau chóng nhìn thấy / đức A di đà,
nang wa tha yé de yang dé nyur thong
and will soon behold the buddha of limitless light.
verront bientôt le bouddha de lumière infinie.
và đủ hạnh nguyện / phổ hiền tối thượng.
—-3. obtaining equal fortune with bodhisattvas and acquiring gain – obtention d’égale fortune que les bodhisattvas et acquisition du gain – được sự đồng đẳng với bồ tát và được lợi ích
༥༠ ༽ དེ་དག་རྙེད་པ་རབ་རྙེད་བདེ་བར་འཚོ། །
50) de dak nye pa rab nyé de war tso
50) Will live happily having acquired many gains
50) Ils obtiendront toutes sortes de bienfaits et vivront heureux ;
50) Người ấy khéo được / đời sống đặc thù.
mi tsé dir yang de dak lek par ong
things will go well in this present life
même dans cette vie présente, tout ira bien,
người ấy khéo sinh / ở trong loài người,
kun tu zang po de yang chin dra war
and before long
et avant longtemps,
người ấy không lâu / sẽ được hoàn thành
de dak ring por mi thok de shyin gyur
will be like Samantabhadra.
ils deviendront exactement comme Samantabhadra.
hạnh nguyện y như / Phổ hiền đại sĩ.
—-4. the benefit of having exhausted karmic obscurations – l’avantage d’avoir éradiqué les obscurcissements karmiques – lợi ích đoạn diệt nghiệp chướng
༥༡ ༽ མཚམས་མེད་ལྔ་པོ་དག་གི་སྡིག་པ་རྣམས། །
51) tsam mé nga po dak gi dik pa nam
51) The negativity of the five heinous crimes and
51) Toutes les actions négatives – même les cinq actions à rétribu-tion immédiate –
51) Nếu mà xưa kia / không có trí tuệ / nên tạo năm tội / địa ngục vô gián,
gang gi mi she wang gi je pa dak
all those done under the power of ignorance
quoiqu’ils aient fait sous l’emprise de l’ignorance
nhưng nếu ngày nay / tụng đại nguyện vương
dé yi zang po chö pa di jö na
will soon be thoroughly cleansed
sera bientôt complètement purifié,
của đức Phổ hiền, / thì một sát na
nyur du ma lü yong su jang war gyur
if they recite this (prayer of) noble conduct.
s’ils récitent cette aspiration aux actions bénéfiques.
tiêu diệt tức thì / năm tội như vậy.
—b. benefits to be seen in future – avantages à voir dans les vies futures – lợi ích thấy trong đời sau 
—-1. subsuming causes – causes englobantes – nhân
༥༢ ༽ ཡེ་ཤེས་དང་ནི་གཟུགས་དང་མཚན་རྣམས་དང་། །
52) ye she dang ni zuk dang tsen nam dang
52) Will be endowed with knowledge, form, signs,
52) Ils possèderont la sagesse parfaite, la beauté et des signes excellents,
52) Lại còn toàn hảo / dòng họ, thành phần,
rik dang kha dok nam dang den par gyur
lineage and radiance,
naîtront dans une bonne famille et auront une apparence radieuse.
sắc tướng, trí tuệ; / quân đội ma vương
dü dang mu tek mang pö dé mi thub
many demons and heretics will not overpower them
les démons et les hérétiques ne leur feront jamais de mal
và những ngoại đạo / không thể đánh đổ,
jik ten sum po kün na ang chö par gyur
and all the three worlds will present them with offerings.
et les trois mondes les honoreront par des offrandes.kham được ba cõi / cùng nhau hiến cúng.
—-2. subsuming results – résultats – quả
༥༣ ༽ བྱང་ཆུབ་ཤིང་དབང་དྲུང་དུ་དེ་མྱུར་འགྲོ། །
53) jang chub shing wang drung du dé nyur dro
53) Will quickly proceed beneath the powerful bodhi tree
53) Ils iront vite sous l’arbre de la bodhi,
53) Và mau đến ngồi / dưới bồ đề thọ,
song né sem chen pen chir der duk té
and sit there for the benefit of sentient beings
et là ils s’assiéront pour le bénéfice de tous les êtres animés, puis
chiến thắng các đạo / quân đội ma vương,
jang chub sang gye khor lo rab tu kor
turn the wheel of an enlightened buddha
éveillés, tourneront la roue du dharma
thành đẳng chánh giác / chuyển diệu pháp luân,
dü nam dé dang che pa tham ché tul
and tame the hordes of demons.
et maîtriseront māra et toutes ses hordes.
lợi lạc hết thảy / các loại chúng sinh.
–iv. benefits of reciting this – les bénéfices de réciter cette prière – lợi ích tụng kinh 
—a. the benefits in brief – les bénéfices exposés brièvement – lợi ích nói tóm lượt
༥༤ ༽ གང་ཡང་བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་སྨོན་ལམ་འདི། །
54) gang yang zang po chö pé mön lam di
54) The maturation of those who keep, teach or read
54) Tout le bienfait d’avoir gardé, enseigné ou lu
54) Thế nên những ai / đối với hạnh nguyện
chang wa dang ni tön tam lok na yang
this aspiration prayer of noble conduct
cette prière d’aspiration aux actions bénéfiques
của đức Phổ hiền / mà biết tiếp nhận, / ghi nhớ, đọc tụng,
dé yi nam par min pa ang sang gye khyen
is known by the Buddhas :
n’est connu que des bouddhas seuls :
và nói cho người, / thì được kết quả / chỉ Phật mới biết,
jang chub chok la som nyi ma jé chik
have no doubt about supreme enlightenment.
n’ayez aucun doute : vous atteindrez l’éveil suprême !
quyết định thực hiện / vô thượng bồ đề.
—b. dedication of the root of virtue of reciting the noble conduct, in the footsteps of bodhisattvas – dédicace des mérites de cette aspiration vertueuse, en suivant l’exemple des bodhisattvas – hồi hướng thiện căn tụng hạnh nguyện phổ hiền theo gót bồ tát
༥༥ ༽ འཇམ་དཔལ་དཔའ་བོས་ཇི་ལྟར་མཁྱེན་པ་དང་། །
55) jam pal pa wö ji tar khyen pa dang
55) However the brave Manjushri became wise
55) Du bodhisattva Mañjuśrī qui atteignit l’omniscience
55) Trí hạnh Văn thù / cực kỳ dũng mãnh,
kun tu zang po de yang de shyin té
and in the way of Samantabhadra too
ainsi que de Samantabhadra,
tuệ hạnh Phổ hiền / cũng là như vậy;
de dak kün gyi je su dak lob chir
I also fully dedicate all this virtue
je m’entraînerai à suivre les traces ;
nay tôi hồi hướng / bao nhiêu thiện căn,
ge wa di dak tham ché rab tu ngo
in order to train in the footsteps of them all.
j’en dédie tout le mérite à l’éveil de tous les êtres.
để theo các Ngài / thường xuyên tu học.
—c. dedication in the footsteps of Tathagatas – dédicace en suivant l’exemple des bouddhas – hồi hướng theo gót Như lai
༥༦ ༽ དུས་གསུམ་གཤེགས་པའི་རྒྱལ་བ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱིས། །
56) dü sum shek pé gyal wa tham ché kyi
56) All the conquerors, the Tathagatas of the three time
56) De même que tous les bouddhas du passé, du présent et du futur
56) Các đại nguyện vương / tối thắng như vầy
ngo wa gang la chok tu ngak pa dé
praise dedication as supreme
ont loué l’importance et l’excellence de la dédicace,
được sự ca tụng / của chư Như lai,
dak gi gewé tsa wa di kün kyang
I also dedicate fully all this root of virtue
je dédie moi aussi tout mon mérite et ses causes
nay tôi hồi hướng / bao nhiêu thiện căn
zang po chö chir rab tu ngo war gyi
towards the noble conduct.
afin de suivre le bon sentier.
để được hạnh nguyện / phổ hiền tối thượng.
—d. abandoning obscurations and seizing a special, pure physical basis – abandonner les obscurations et saisir une base physique pure spéciale – tiêu chướng, đạt thân thanh tịnh
༥༧ ༽ བདག་ནི་འཆི་བའི་དུས་བྱེད་གྱུར་པ་ན། །
57) dak ni chi wé dü jé gyur pa na
57) When the time of my death comes
57) Quand il sera temps pour moi de mourir,
57) Nguyện tôi trong lúc / sinh mệnh sắp chết,
drib pa tham ché dak ni chir sal té
may all my obscurations clear away
puissent tous mes obscurcissements s’évanouir,
thì loại được cả / mọi sự trở ngại,
ngön sum nang wa tha yé dé thong né
may I behold the buddha of limitless light directly and
alors je regarderai amitābha, là en personne,
trực tiếp nhìn thấy / đức A di đà,
de wa chen gyi shying der rab tu dro
go at once at the pure field of sukhavati.
et j’irai immédiatement dans sa terre pure de sukhāvatī.
tức khắc được sinh / thế giới cực lạc.
༥༨ ༽ དེར་སོང་ནས་ནི་སྨོན་ལམ་འདི་དག་ཀྱང་། །
58) der song né ni mön lam di dak kyang
58) Having reached there may everything
58) Dans cette terre pure, puissé-je actualiser chacune
58) Tôi đã sinh ra / thế giới ấy rồi,
tham ché ma lü ngön du gyur war shok
I have prayed for, without exception, be actualized.
de ces aspirations !
trước mắt thành tựu / đại nguyện vương này,
de dak ma lü dak gi yong su kang
may I fulfill these aspirations without exception and
puissé-je les réaliser toutes et chacune d’entre elles,
thành tựu đầy đủ / không có thiếu sót,
jik ten ji si sem chen pen par gyi
benefit sentient beings for as long as the world exists.
et aider les êtres aussi longtemps que l’univers demeurera !
lợi lạc tất cả / thế giới chúng sinh.
—e. receiving a prophesy and establishing the purpose of sentient beings – dedicace pour recevoir une prophétie des bouddhas dans le but de servir les êtres vivants – nhận thọ ký rồi tác thành chúng sinh
༥༩ ༽ རྒྱལ་བའི་དཀྱིལ་འཁོར་བཟང་ཞིང་དགའ་བ་དེར། །
59) gyal wé kyil khor zang shying ga wa der
59) Having been born from an exquisite and immaculate lotus
59) Né là dans une merveilleuse fleur de lotus,
59) Bồ tát hải hội / của đức Di đà / ai cũng trong sạch,
pe mo dam pa shin tu dzé lé kyé
in the noble and joyous mandala of the conquerors
dans cet excellent et joyeux royaume de bouddha,
còn tôi lúc ấy / hóa sinh ở trong / hoa sen tối thắng,
nang wa thayé gyal wé ngön sum du
may I receive a prophesy, there
puisse le bouddha Amitābha lui-même
đích thân nhìn thấy / đức A di đà, / và Ngài đối diện
lung ten pa yang dak gi der thob shok
directly from the buddha of limitless light.
me prédire l’annonce de mon éveil !
thọ ký cho tôi / thành tựu tuệ giác / vô thượng bồ đề.
༦༠ ༽ དེར་ནི་བདག་གིས་ལུང་བསྟན་རབ་ཐོབ་ནས། །
60) der ni dak gi lungten rab thob né
60) Having receive a prophesy there
60) Ayant reçu là cette prophétie,
60) Nhờ ơn của Ngài / thọ ký cho rồi,
trul pa mang po je wa trak gya yi
may I send billions of emanations
avec un billion de mes émanations,
tôi liền biến thể / vô số thân hình,
lo yi tob kyi chok chu nam su yang
through the strength of the mind, in the ten directions
émises par le pouvoir de mon esprit,
với trí tuệ lực / cực kỳ rộng lớn,
sem chen nam la pen pa mang po gyi
and bring great benefit to sentient beings.
puissé-je apporter un immense bénéfice aux êtres animés, dans les dix directions !
tôi làm lợi lạc / tất cả chúng sinh.
– Conclusion – Conclusion – Hồi hướng
༦༡ ༽ བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་སྨོན་ལམ་བཏབ་པ་ཡི། །
61) zang po chö pé mön lam thab pa yi
61) Through whatever small amount of virtue I have gathered
61) Par mon peu de mérite quel qu’il soit, accumulé
61) Người nào trì tụng / hạnh nguyện phổ hiền,
ge wa chung zé dak gi chi sakpa
from reciting this aspiration prayer of noble conduct
en récitant cette « aspiration aux actions bénéfiques »,
mà tôi nói về / chút ít thiện căn,
dé ni dro wé mön lam ge wa nam
may all virtuous aspiration prayers of migrating beings
puissent les souhaits vertueux des prières et aspirations de tous les êtres
là một sát na / họ đủ tất cả
ke chik chik gi tham ché jor war shok
be instantly accomplished.
être instantanément exaucés !
đại thanh tịnh nguyện / tác thành chúng sinh.
༦༢ ༽ བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པའི་སྨོན་ལམ་བསྔོས་པ་ཡིས། །
62) zang po chö pé mön lam ngö pa yi
62) Through whatever limitless immaculate merit
62) Par le mérite véritable et illimité
62) Hạnh nguyện phổ hiền / tối thượng của tôi,
sö nam dam pa tha yé gang thob dé
is obtained through the dedication of the aspiration prayer of noble conduct
obtenu en dédiant cette « aspiration aux actions bénéfiques »,
vô biên thắng phước / tôi hồi hướng cả,
dro wa duk ngal chu wor jing wa nam
may migrating beings sinking in the great river of suffering
puissent tous ceux qui se noient à présent dans l’océan de la souffrance,
nguyện bao chúng sinh / đang còn chìm đắm,
ö pak me pé né rab thob par shok
obtain the fine abode of (protector) Amitabha.
atteindre le royaume suprême d’Amitābha !
mau chóng được sinh / thế giới cực lạc / của đức Thế tôn / A di đà Phật.
༦༣ ༽ སྨོན་ལམ་རྒྱལ་པོ་འདི་དག་མཆོག་གི་གཙོ། །
63) mön lam gyal po di dak chok gi tso
63) May this King of prayers, the principle among supreme ones,
63) Puisse cette reine des aspirations faire naître
63) Hạnh nguyện vương này / tối cao mầu nhiệm
tha yé dro wa kün la pen jé ching
bring about the benefit of limitless sentient beings.
la motivation et le bienfait suprêmes de l’infinité des êtres animés ;
phổ độ chúng sinh / trôi lạc luân hồi.
kun tu zang pö gyen pé shyung drub té
having practiced this text adorned by Samantabhadra
puissent-ils parfaire ce qui est décrit dans cette prière sainte, prononcée par
nguyện vào năng lực / tu hạnh Phổ hiền
ngen song gyu nam ma lü tong par shok
may the streams of lower migrations without exception be emptied.
puissent les royaumes inférieurs se vider entièrement !
mà cõi ác đạo / không còn một ai.
This completes the King of Aspiration Prayers, Samantabhadra’s “Aspiration to Good Actions.”
Ceci conclut la Reine des Prières d’Aspiration, « l’Aspiration aux Actions Bénéfiques » de Samantabhadra.
Kết thúc Hạnh Nguyện Vương Phổ Hiền
– Words of Truth – Paroles de Vérité – Năng Lực Chân Ngữ
sang gye ku sum nye pé jin lab dang
by the blessings of the Buddhas who have attained the three kāyas,
par les bénédictions des bouddhas qui ont atteint les trois kāya
nương lực gia trì / của chư Phật đà / thành tựu tam thân Phật ,
chö nyi ming gyur den pé jin lab dang
and the unchanging truth of reality
et la vérité immuable de la réalité,
nương lực gia trì / pháp tánh bất biến,
gen dün mi ché dün pé jin lab kyi
as well as the unwavering aspirations of the Saṅgha,
ainsi que par les aspirations indéfectibles du Saṅgha,
và của tăng đoàn / tâm ý bất chuyển,
ji tar ngö shyin mön lam drub par shok
may all the aspirations and dedication prayers be fulfilled!
puissent toutes les aspirations et les prières de dédicace s’accomplir !
nguyện cho tất cả / hồi hướng nguyện này / đều được thành tựu
– སྨོན་ལམ་འགྲུབ་པའི་གཟུངས་ནི། –
the Dhāraṇī for the Accomplishment of all Aspirations –
le Dharani pour l’Accomplissement de toutes les Aspirations –
Đà la ni Viên Thành Nguyện Ước
ཏདྱ་ཐཱ། པཉྩ་དྲི་ཡ་ཨ་ཝ་བོ་དྷ་ན་ཡེ་སྭཱ་ཧཱ། །
teyatha pen tsa dri ya awabodhanaye soha
tadyathā pañcendriya avabodhanāye svāhā
tê-ya-tha bên-dza tri-a a-oa-bô-đa-na-dê xô-ha
|Dewachen Prayer – Abridged version
Tác giả (Author): Đức Karma Chagme
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như – bản dịch 2013
Ngôn ngữ (Languages): Tạng Văn (Tibetan) – Âm (pronunciation) – English – Việt
Điều kiện hành trì:
Pháp phổ thông, mọi người đều có thể đọc tụng.
|An Aspiration for Birth in the Pure Realm of Sukhavati
(Dewachen Prayer – Extended version)
Tác giả (Author): Đức Karma Chagme
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như – bản dịch 2013
Ngôn ngữ (Languages): Tạng Văn (Tibetan) – Âm (pronunciation) – English – Việt
Điều kiện hành trì:
Pháp phổ thông, mọi người đều có thể đọc tụng. Continue reading
| Long Life Prayer for Lab Kyabgon Rinpoche –
Tác giả (Author): Đức Dalai Lama XIV –
Ngôn ngữ (Languages): Tạng Âm – Việt – English –
English translation: Noel Maddocks –
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như Thubten Munsel – bản dịch 2007.
| The Diamond Long Life Prayer for Geshe Thubten Dawa –
Tác giả (Author): Sakya Gelong Muni Jnana –
English translation: Kalsang Tsering –
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như Thubten Munsel – bản dịch 2007.
| – Lama Zopa on Medicine Buddha –
Lama Zopa Rinpoche giảng về Phật Dược Sư –
Tác giả: Lama Zopa Rinpoche chủ giảng (2001) –
Ngôn ngữ (Languages): Việt – English –
Việt ngữ: hồng như, bản dịch 2003, nhuận văn 2015.
|– Gang-Lo-Ma – Praises for the Glorious Wisdom Qualities of the Excellent One –
༄༅། དཔལ་ཡེ་ཤེས་ཡོན་དན་བཟང་པོ་ཞེས་བྱ་བའི་བསྟོད་པ་། –
Ngôn ngữ (languages): Việt, Tạng (Tib.), Âm (Tib. pronunciation), Anh (English) –
Việt ngữ: hồng như – bản dịch 2006 – hiệu đính nhẹ 2015.
| – [Eight Verses for Training the Mind] –
Tác Giả (Author): Geshe Langri Thangpa (thế kỷ thứ 12) –
Ngôn ngữ (language): Việt – English –
Việt ngữ: hồng như – bản dịch 2006
| – Mahamudra of Definitive Meaning’s Aspiration Prayer, –
Tác giả (author): Rangjung Dorje (Karmapa III), –
Ngôn ngữ (languages): Việt, Tạng (Tib.) Tạng âm (Tib. pronunciation), Anh (English), Hoa (Chinese).
|– Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche’s Long Life Prayer –|
|English version: A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment << Link to Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archives >> –
Tác Giả: Atisha Dipamkara Shri Jnana (982-1054) –
Tựa Đề: Bồ Đề Đạo Đăng Luận (Đèn Soi Đường Giác Ngộ) –
Việt ngữ: Hồng Như, ấn bản tháng 07 năm 2005.
Hạ Tải văn bản chánh văn tại www.hongnhu.org/thu-muc/#bo-de-dao-dang-luan
Date: 14 June 2015
Location: Vajrayana Institute – Sydney – Australia
Topic: Joy of Compassion
Type of Material: Unedited Transcript
Language: English only
Joy of Compassion
With Lama Zopa Rinpoche
[There are two versions of the prayer book in use. Look for the title if the page no. does not make sense.]
Praise to Shakyamuni Buddha, p. 3 or 6
To not commit any unwholesome actions. To create wholesome actions. To subdue the mind. This is the teaching of the Buddha. This is the condensed teachings of the Four Noble Truths.
Buddha does not have death. He is an Arhat, who is free from samsara. The cause of samsara, delusions and karma, …
Even the subtle obscurations, the knowledge obscurations, have been purified. There is no way for Buddha to experience death.
He passed away to show us that life is impermanent. The nature of our life is impermanent. If we are not freed from the causes of suffering, delusions and karma, then we would experience death. If we are freed by actualizing the four Noble Truths, by being free from delusions, we would not experience death. That’s how we can purify death, old age, sickness, etc.
We achieve the ultimate happiness, blissful state of peace, everlasting happiness. This is a mere cessation of the disturbing thoughts, obscurations. The gross obscurations. Buddha showed one of the 12 deeds, the passing away, showing us that life is impermanent, we are sure to die.
As I mentioned yesterday, body and mind, mind continues, the continuation of the mind has no beginning and no end. Even when we become enlightened or still in samsara, it is endless. There is no third alternative. You can get reborn in lower realms if negative karma is more powerful. Or else, if virtue is stronger, then you get reborn in higher realms. Pure land, devas or human realms.
We want only happiness, we don’t want suffering at all, even small suffering, even those in dreams we don’t want. We want small happiness. The solution is to… negative karma that we collected from beginningless rebirths, we purify that negative karma. By learning Dharma, listen, reflect, and meditate, practice, you abandon negative karma and practise good karma. You don’t get reborn in lower realms and get higher rebirth.
There is a method. If you don’t know Dharma, if you have no idea of Dharma, abandon negative karma and create virtuous action, practice of morality, etc., if you do that, you get higher rebirth, you save yourselves. You don’t have to be born in lower realms. If you don’t practise holy Dharma, you don’t engage in creating perfect wholesome action, positive action, healthy action, if you don’t do, …
With negative mind, negative motivation, create negative actions of body, speech and mind, disturbing to you and cause suffering to others, harmful to others, this becomes causes to reborn in lower realms. This is totally in your hands.
In order to achieve ultimate happiness, everlasting happiness, liberation from oceans of samsaric sufferings, suffering of narak hell beings, hungry ghosts, animals, humans, asuras, and suras, intermediate state beings. To free from those oceans of samsaric sufferings of six realms, achieve the ultimate happiness, blissful state of peace for oneself is totally in your hands. Where to go, to be in samsara or out of it, it is totally in your hands. Whether to be in hell or be enlightened, it is totally in your hands. It is up to your mind.
Whether you create the causes for hell or peerless happiness, it is totally in your hands. Up to your mind, how you use your mind.
Understanding Buddhism, knowing the teachings of Buddha, the more you come to know, the teachings of the kind, compassionate one, the omniscient one, the more you know, it makes you to realize how to have freedom, discover how much freedom you have. You should know that.
Life is not hopeless. So many millions, millions of people in the West are suffering from depression.
Thinking that life is hopeless.
American army went to Iraq,… to do war, you use bombs to destroy, kill so many people, even those who survived, those who came back, everyday 20 army veterans committed suicide. Someone from the army came to Solu Kumbu where I was born, this person fought in Iraq, his job was to communicate, high tech communications in the army. That’s his job. He came back and told me in the cave of Lawudo, I have a talk with him in my cave, to find out more. He told me that 20 veterans from the army committed suicide. Soldiers. 20 soldiers committed suicide. That is because they came back, having done so many violent things, they are so shocked, they think, they questioned, what is life? Violence, unbelievable, … they wondered, they questioned about life.
Because they have not met Dharma, the awakened teachings, the freedom from samsara, from the cause of suffering, they do not know, no knowledge at all of what is right thing in life, that brings happiness to your mind and to others, the wrong things that bring confusion to your life, suffering to you and others. In life, the most important decision, doesn’t know the omniscient one’s teachings, what the Buddha has taught.
Life becomes so difficult. Even simple thing like that, they have no idea. It becomes huge question regarding one’s own life. All these violence, you have seen and done, very difficult, so shocked,
They don’t know how to live life meaningfully, no idea what is meaningful and what is meaningless, in other words, what’s right and wrong.
So, they commit suicide, when their minds are so depressed.
What happens nowadays, American government uses meditation, use of drugs slow down the mind, thinking becomes very slow, becomes violent, they bring mindfulness meditation to the Army. This is what happens nowaday. Because in mindfulness meditation, you stop thinking about past and future, you only think of this moment. There is mahamudra that does this, meditate on emptiness, even then the conventional nature of mind…
The military uses meditation to stop thinking about past and future, … he said that.
He looked into the computer, saw Nepal, Lawudo, this place, hence he came to Lawudo. He is a quiet person. He worked in FPMT centre before and went to Lawudo when I was there. He has to go back to Root Institute.
Nowadays, they use mindfulness meditation so much in the Army, for those who have suicidal thoughts, so many returning soldiers have this problem.
Mindfulness meditation is also used in business. Lots of business people use that. Maybe too much thinking makes the mind not relaxed, unhappy, too much thinking and the meditation brings quietness.
Big business, big company in Holland, 25,000 employees, they want to use mindfulness meditation, one student from Holland came to Kopan course or maybe in Lawudo, he talked to that company about mindfulness meditation, I got a letter, invited to talk about mindfulness meditation. By checking Mo (divination), it was cancelled. I don’t know what happened. That’s just news. That’s just, not BBC, …
We do the last prayer, what Buddha said, at the end of the Vajracutter sutra. This verse is there. Also in another teaching. I am going to recite. I shall chant in Tibetan, to give time to meditate for everyone. It is mainly about impermanence, the nature of life, the other thing is emptiness, the meaning of dependent arising. (p.9 3rd verse)
Instead of trusting, believing as real the hallucination that appears, the I, action, and object, the way they exist are in mere name, they do not exist from their own side. Whatever appears as real is hallucination. Whatever phenomena appear as real are all hallucination. We completely trust in them as real. We need to recognize dream as dream. Even though dream appears as real, we do not believe it as true. When you don’t recognize dream as dream, you entrust in it completely as real, you lose something, you get upset due to your self cherishing thought. In the dream, you can get so exhausted, so difficult, … you have this problem, that problem in your dream, the hair becomes white, wrinkles on your body, so much changes, happen in the dream. Even within five minutes, so unbelievable…
So appearance and reality, when you recognize dream as dream, you do not believe in it at all, it is just a dream. Like a mirage, you came across hot sands, the sunlight, the heat rises from the sands, when you look back there appears to be water, but there isn’t. You know there is no water. Things appear, the way things appear to your hallucinating mind, you completely entrust, here introducing the thinking that in reality it does not exist from its own side. Meditate in this way, especially if you realize that. Then no problem. Totally trust that, even though it appear, it does not exist right there…
Arya Sangha who has direct realization of emptiness, in meditative equipoise, they do not have this hallucination. The I, action, object appearing as real, this do not appear in equipoise meditation. When they arise from that meditation, they would have these false appearances. Until subtle imprints are completely removed by actualizing the path, the path to full enlightenment, when the remedial path is actualized, that subtle negative imprints left by past delusions, that project dual view, everything appear as real, this is gone. Then, there is no dualistic view, no hallucination. No more there. Buddha does not have hallucination. Not the dualistic view. Because there is no cause that projects that dualistic view. He has no hallucination. Otherwise, even arya bodhisattva, until he achieved Buddhahood, would have dualistic view.
Like the example, the illusion created by a magician, using a material, causes people, the audience, to see by transforming… he causes hallucination to the senses of the audience using a mantra and a material base, those who don’t know that they are experiencing hallucination, they believe in the transformation he creates… an elephant, beautiful man or woman, different manifestations, even a city, the magician can do through magic. Those who don’t know that their senses are hallucinating, they would believe in these appearances as real, not only do they appear to them, on top of that, they entrust in them, thinking they are real.
The magician, himself or herself, and the audience who is aware of the illusion, these people have the appearances of the hallucination, but they do not believe. Like Arya Sangha, not just ordained persons, even lay persons who have direct perception of emptiness, to these people, things appear as real, they do not totally trust in those appearances, due to their realization of emptiness. They see a hallucination as a hallucination. Like recognizing a dream as a dream. Those who senses are not hallucinating, they don’t see the appearances at all.
The Buddha without the subtle negative imprints left by delusions that project everything created by the mind. This does not mean creating with hammer and other tools. It means to merely labeled by the mind, on a valid base. Given a name, merely imputed by the mind. Merely imputed by the mind, relating to a valid base. This and that, relating to that valid base… They exist in mere names.
Buddha does not have those subtle negative imprints, that project everything as real, as truly existent, as existing from their own side. These are purified, he does not have hallucination.
Like those whose senses are not affected by the magic.
Somebody recognizes hallucination as hallucination. First thing is a star, phenomena are like star (in the verse), in daytime, there are stars, but due to sunbeams are so strong, veiled the stars, so we don’t see the stars. It shows emptiness of all phenomena, they exist because they are empty. They exist because they are empty because they do not exist from their own side.
They exist in mere name, merely imputed by the mind. The meaning of emptiness is dependent arising and the meaning of dependent arising is emptiness.
For our hallucinating mind, emptiness does not exist. Ultimate truth does not exist. What does not exist is actually the hallucination, things existing from their own side, these real things never exist even for one second, from beginningless time. The real ones, even the size of an atom, do not exist at all. We, according to our hallucination, our concepts, the I, action, object, hell, heaven, samsara and nirvana, all appear as real, but they do not exist at all. We completely entrust, believe in them as real. We do everything.. If you have power in the world, to get happiness for this real I which does not exist, you could kill millions of people in the world, those you don’t like, those who don’t have blue eyes, blond hair, you kill everybody. If you have power to do this, you give power to this I, for its happiness, even to kill millions of people. You would kill, steal, sexual misconduct, telling lies, gossiping, harsh speech hurting, could be very soft, nice sounding speech but it can hurt others. Not just harsh speech. Hurtful speech. You do all kinds of things to get happiness for this I. Harms to others, wow wow wow.
You go to school from kindergarten, till university, … for this real I , to give power to this real I, but it is not there. This real I, if you look, where is it? You can’t find. Not only nowhere, inside this body, in the chest, not in the brain, not in the heart, not in the chest. It does not exist at all in the world. Also in your room, in this gompa, in the world, can’t find. Those who realize emptiness don’t see, … higher bodhisattvas do not see at all, especially Buddha does not see that appearance [of a real I]…
It is said by Nagarjuna:
The person, the I, is not earth, which means body, not water, not fire, within the body there are the elements, not wind, also not sky or space, the I, the person is not consciousness. Then, not space. Not one by one. Even all of them are not the I. The I does not exist separate from these. The I, the person is all these or not. The I does not exist separately from these.
The next one is: earth is not I, water is not I, the person, fire is not I, the person, wind is not I, consciousness is not I, space is not I, even all together is not I. even altogether is not I.
The real I does not exist at all. There is no real I.
Real I, starting from the tip of hair to the toe, you cannot find if you look for it. Nowhere can you find it. From hair down to toes.
What exists is on the valid base, the aggregates, mind which is focusing on this base, this valid base, that mind then makes up a label of I, creates the label, I. The merely imputed I, relating to the aggregates, which are the valid base. It is a merely imputed I. That’s all, nothing else. What experiences suffering, happiness, what creates virtue or non-virtue, who becomes free from samsara, who achieves nirvana, or enlightenment, that is the merely labeled I.
Since I am talking a bit on this, I mentioned that those who have never heard, those who have heard, as a reminder, ignorance is the root of oceans of samsaric sufferings, to feel that, to recognize that. This is what needs to be abandoned. How important that is in our life.
The aggregates, the valid base, upon them the mind makes up, merely imputes the name, I. Even that is merely imputed.
The next second, it should appear back to us as merely labeled by the mind. But that does not happen. That should happen to us, that’s the reality. In the next second, it should appear as merely labeled by the mind. The Arya Sangha who are in meditative equipoise, they do not have this hallucination. Another one is the Buddha who does not have this hallucination.
Appearing as real, as existing from its own side, as never labeled by the mind, as not coming from the mind. This is the gross object.
Appearing to us as not merely labeled by the mind. The total opposite of how it actually exists. This is what the omniscient one has explained.
For us, the next second it appears to us, it should appear as merely labeled by mind, but it appears as not merely labeled by mind, as a false I, totally opposite to how it actually exists.
Why? Due to past ignorance, concept holding the I to exist truly. This left negative imprint in the mind. That negative imprint, as soon as the mind merely labeled the I, this negative imprint immediately projects hallucination. Like the illusion created by the magician for the audience. Exactly the same. This negative ignorance, by leaving those imprints, projects. All merely labeled objects, causative and non-causative phenomena, everything that exists, are all merely labeled by the mind. But in the next second this imprint projects and makes them appear as real.
We live our whole life with that hallucination, which we completely trust in it. The whole thing, samsara and nirvana, we completely trust in what appears as real, as true.
Even relationship problems are viewed as real. Like a balloon getting bigger and bigger. That is how we create hallucination. Our life, is one whole hallucination. Everything we do, business, university degree, the whole thing is a hallucination. Our job, the whole thing, the happiness for this I, children, business, everything is not there. The real I is not there. This huge thing appears as real, really really… If we see the emptiness, it would be a big shock to us. If we see the ultimate reality of the I, the emptiness of the I, then we see that what we believe is not there, it would be a huge shock. It would be a huge fear. This is stronger than seeing a tiger on the road, in your room. Because our mind has been habituated in believing that everything is real, from beginningless rebirths, so habituated. We totally live our lives with this hallucination. You go to supermarket, with this understanding of emptiness, then …
In America, there are 30 or 40 different types of cheese, maybe 60 or 70 types.
Appearing as real cheese, appearing as real vegetables, appearing from there. They appear to you. How they appear to you is the main question. How many thousands of dresses appearing from there, thousands of make-up, the red.. whatever colours, appearing from there, if you go to the supermarket, they all appear from there,
Reality, if you think, does not exist from its own side, it is empty. It exists in mere name. merely imputed by the mind. This is the reality. You see that everything you see in the supermarket, the food, the department store, all the things, when you go into there, all things, so shining, bright, the whole thing is a hallucination, things appearing from there is a hallucination. Something real appears to you but it is a hallucination. So, you are buying a… from the person who appears to exist from its own side, to totally exist from its own side. Existing in mere name. The opposite of that is to appear as not merely labeled. The reality is merely labeled, but it appears as not merely labeled by the mind. This is to go more subtle. The person who sells you food, clothing, is a hallucination. The seller is a hallucination. You pay the money, which again appearing as real to you, when it actually exists as merely labeled by the mind, this money is merely labeled by the mind, but it appears as totally opposite, as not merely labeled by the mind. You pay with your hallucinated money, in your illusion, not real, not true money. You pay this money to a person who is also not true. Paid by an I who is also merely labeled by the mind. So, buying and selling are all done in hallucinations. Coming back in a car, which is also a hallucination, not appearing as merely labeled by the mind, to a hallucinated house, hallucinated kitchen. The whole thing, the whole life, we believe in what appears to us, we entrust in them, we do everything for this ignorance. You do actions of body, speech and mind for this real I, which is not there. By going more subtle, this I which appears to not merely labeled by mind. Such a I has never existed, not in the past, not now and never in the future. But we never question and totally believe in this real I.
Realizing emptiness, for lower intelligent ones, will give rise to great fear. You think that you are falling into nihilism, you have so much fear. You tend to think, the I exists, the I exists. Either fear comes, when you realize its emptiness. You look for the I from the hair down to toes, you don’t find that I, that I you don’t find. I think there won’t be nihilism. Now, There won’t be that much fear arising because the way you meditate does not harm that ignorance. The real I is kept here, and you meditate for the I, looking for it somewhere else. You look for another I, so you don’t experience real fear. Because you do not hurt ignorance. When fear arises, that is very good. Your meditation is working in the right way, hitting the ignorance at the right way. Ignorance that believes the I merely labeled by the mind as true, as real. This is the root of samsara. When it hurts the ignorance, you start to see what ignorance is believing in, entrusting in, then your meditation, the real I which is not there, is being hit. To see what is not there at all, you start to see it as not being there. It is hurting the ignorance. When it harms ignorance, fear arises. It harms what ignorance believes, the real I which is not there, which ignorance totally holds onto.
Because we are habituated to these concepts from beginningless rebirths and believed in them. Therefore fear arises, when suddenly we come to know that there is no I there. There is nothing to grasp, to hold onto. When we start to realize, fear starts to arise. Those with lower intelligence will experience unbelievable fear from deep in your heart. Those higher bodhisattvas, when realizing emptiness, would experience so much happiness, even tears start flowing, totally opposite experiences.
When we recite the Heart Sutra, fear comes, then it is a very good sign. That means your way of thinking has gone to the right point, the ignorance holding the I as really exists is being hit. It harms ignorance. If you are of lower intelligence, fear would arise. It is a very good sign.
For that wisdom, my guess is that, those experienced meditators, those lamas, as they explained, for that wisdom, it appears that there is no I there, the I that has been held since beginningless time. Suddenly you see it is not there.
In the view of that wisdom, there is no I. If you don’t know, if you didn’t hear the full experience of realizing emptiness, then you may think that you are falling into nihilism. And you try to protect from that fear, by thinking yes, yes it is there. You are about to realize emptiness, but by protecting, you are prevented. Without realizing emptiness, you will never eliminate the causes of suffering, never achieve liberation from oceans of samsaric sufferings. Even subtle defilements have to be removed by direct perception of emptiness. It cannot be removed directly by bodhicitta. Direct removal is only by wisdom. Even removal of subtle obscurations does not happen without wisdom. Bodhicitta alone cannot counter that.
It is mentioned by …, in the Mahamudra teachings, you see that there is no I, you feel that. The reason that there is no inherently existent I, to prove there is no inherent existence on the I, when you see, for you, there is seeing that there is no inherent existence on the I, it is not falling into nihilism. It is realizing, discovering there is no truly existence on the I. You are seeing the emptiness on the I. There is great meaning. You see the hallucination, the true existence on the I.
First, there is the merely labeled I. Then, projected on that is the truly existent I. Therefore, it makes sense that there is a hallucination on the I. You see that it does not exist at all. You are seeing the emptiness on the I, as opposed to the hallucination on the I. This I is the merely imputed I. “On the I” makes great sense, great meaning.
When the fear arises, you have to go through that, like crossing the river. If you try to stop the fear, then it becomes a great obstacle to the realization of the truth.
To conclude, the merely imputed I… it appears in the next second as a completely false I. In the third second, you completely trust in that, believe in it 100% as true. That concept holding the I as not merely labeled by the mind, that very subtle concept is the root of all suffering of rebirth, old age, sickness, death, all samsara pleasures, music, sex and all that, why are they temporary? Because they are of the nature of suffering. They cannot continue, like Dharma happiness. They cannot increase. They come from delusions and karma, motivated by delusions. All samsaric pleasures are temporary, because their nature is suffering. But Dharma happiness can continue and increase, up to enlightenment.
Third, where does true suffering come from is the pervasive compounded sufferings. His Holiness explained that pervasive means the aggregates are under the control of delusions and karma, hence they are of the nature of suffering. Why we experience suffering? We experience suffering of pain, old age, rebirth, death, etc. This is the first type of suffering. Why do we have to experience all that? A most important question.
The second type of suffering is suffering of change. The third is where these two came from, the one… In Hindu religion, they can develop renunciation to those suffering, except that of the peak of samsara. This is because the way they develop renunciation is by checking the suffering of the lower level and seeking the happiness of the higher level. But in the formless realms, there is no higher level than the peak of samsara. Therefore, the Hindus have no remedy to renounce the attachment to the peak of samsara. They don’t get renunciation to the entire samsara, they are still attached to the peak of samsara, the highest level of the formless realms. When we reach this level, the delusions become so subtle.
The delusions can be divided into great, middling and small. Each is further divided into three. The delusions become so small that you don’t see that you have delusions. You believe that you have achieved nirvana, when the delusions are not ceased completely. They are so subtle, as if there is no delusions. Believing that they have achieved nirvana, when the karma to be born there is exhausted, they die and see the past life, now and where they have to be reborn, maybe in the desire realm, even lower realms. They feel totally heresy, thinking that achieving nirvana is not true which causes them to be reborn in hell, due to arising heretical thought.
They do not have the way to renounce attachment to the peak of samsara. They do not have emptiness, bodhicitta, and their renunciation is incomplete.
Their renunciation of this pervasive compounded sufferings,… consciousness carries the karmic imprints that bring suffering in future lives, we create karma to be reborn in suffering rebirths in the next life.
These aggregates are the pervasive compounded sufferings. This is a particular Buddhist view, to get renunciation is to realize the suffering nature of this third type of suffering. If you have renunciation of this, then you can be freed from suffering of pain and suffering of change. There is a quotation from Panchen Losang Chokyi Gyeltsen, but I don’t remember by heart.
The I, in the second moment, appears as real, existing from its own side due to ignorance. In the third moment, you believe in it, totally trust in it. As not merely labeled by the mind. In reality, it is merely labeled by the mind. Ignorance causes the opposite, see it as not merely labeled by the mind. Recently His Holiness said, when we walked at a dangerous path and fell down, the fear becomes very strong. The emotional I becomes very strong. His Holiness explained that this may be explained in the teachings as a way to recognize the I. But recently he said that this is just an appearance of the self sufficient I, not the I that exists from its own side.
When the emotional I appears to you, the I appears as permanent, existing alone, without depending on parts. Then, without depending on causes and conditions. This is what the Hindus believe to be the Atman, the soul. This is the meaning of soul, the Atman. In the Buddhist philosophical schools, Vaibhashika, Sautrantika, Mind-Only and Middle Way schools… all of them do not accept the I as permanent, existing alone, without depending on parts, causes and conditions, etc. Buddhist schools do not accept this type of I.
In Vasubandhu’s text, there are listed 18 schools, there is one school that held the view that I is neither permanent nor impermanent, it does not decide on the I in either way.
In the West, the emotional I would also be permanent. There is the wrong concept believing in the I as permanent.
There would also be an emotional I held to be a self-sufficient I.
In the Mind-only school, there …
Existing from its own side, as held by Svatantrika Madhyamika, believing the I as truly existent, this truly existent I, not labeled by the mind, is also the emotional I.
In Prasangika Madhyamika school, there is the subtle object of negation, the inherently existent I that is not merely labeled by the mind is also an emotional I.
All these are different wrong views regarding the I.
How do we create the root of samsara, oceans of samsaric sufferings? This is an example how we create those suffering. It is not created by gods, husband or wife, by parents. Each sentient being creates its suffering. God does not create suffering.
Buddha gave teachings to help us remove these sufferings.
Ignorance creates suffering. It is the root of suffering. It is soooooo important.
Each of our suffering is created by ourselves, by ignorance, the root of suffering. Ignorance, anger, and attachment, all delusions… After trusting in things as real, from there, anger and attachment arise.
There is a quote from Lama Tsongkhapa…
From virtuous actions, even with attachment to future samsara, even with the practice of morality,…
With virtuous actions, good karma..
With non-virtuous actions, we create negative karma, the causes of rebirth in lower realms.
From that, when we die, it may be possible when we are alive, but when we die, the karmic formations that were planted as karmic seeds, imprints on consciousness, from that, when we die, craving and grasping, which are attachment to…
Like a butterfly, a nice bird, a parrot, you may develop craving for that animal, something stronger, in the shop first you wish to get, then the grasping becomes stronger and you buy.
This gives rise to the next link of becoming, when the seeds planted previously, according to Madhyamika, these are left on the mere I but other Buddhist schools hold that they are left on the mind.
This causes the karmic seed to become stronger, able to throw us into the next life.
Ignorance and karmic formations could be from billions of eons ago, or several lifetimes ago.
Consciousness, body and mind, … there is not one being that realizes that there is no rebirth. But there are numberless beings who have realized that there are reincarnation, rebirth. Even the other religions also accept rebirth. Consciousness is conceived in the mother’s womb, where name and form arise. Name refers to the mental parts. Next link comes the six sense bases. Then comes contact, followed by feeling. When we are born from the womb, …
What’s left among the 12 links of dependent arising are old age and death.
At this moment, we have yet to experience the last link, death.
Every day, hour, minute… not even realizing emptiness, bodhicitta, not even renunciation, there is no antidote. Continuously believing in the I as real, delusions arising, negative karmas are created.
Even when we try to practise Dharma, but since we don’t have realization of three principal aspects of the path, mostly we create negative karma. Karma within one day, hour, minute and second, with this ignorance, we are creating samsara. We create samsara, more 12 links of dependent arising, so many cycles are started by us. We are like in the prison of the 12 links of dependent arising. Numberless prisons. You finish one prison, there is another one. We are always creating new cycles of 12 links of dependent arising. When we think like this, it becomes frightening. To have to go through endless prisons of samsara.
In this life, when we receive the human body, when we are born in this Southern continent, where Dharma exists, not just Theravada, sutra teachings, but also Mahayana teachings , tantric teachings, we are so fortunate.
To realize renunciation, bodhicitta, and emptiness, is most unbelievable.
How important the lam-rim realization is. Particularly, the tantric realization. First we need to create the base: three principal aspects of the path.
We can be free from samsara with renunciation. Then, renunouce attachment to this life and future lives. With emptiness, the realization of which is the only thing that can directly cease the root of samsara. Therefore, we have to take the opportunity to learn the Buddha’s teachings on this, Nagarjuna’s teachings, to hear from qualified teachers, each centre has such qualified teachers, who studied in the monasteries, studying and debating. We are so so so fortunate. We can listen, reflect, and meditate on emptiness. To learn as much as possible in this life. To leave so much imprints in this life, so next life you will become expert, just by hearing the teachings you can realize it.
A very good meditation. If you really want to practise, for example, you can think, each week, month, meditating on emptiness, looking at everything as empty, wherever you are, at home, working, shopping, whatever work you are doing, empty of inherent existence. Not nihilism, as not existing at all.
Another month or week, you can meditate on, looking at the real I existing from its own side. The I, action and object. Your house, the road, the car, whatever. In the shop. All these are recognized as hallucinations, as truly existent, real I, real objects, continuously recognizing them as hallucination. To recognize a hallucination as a hallucination. Like recognizing a dream as a dream. In daily life, whatever you are doing, continuously keep the awareness that the I, action, and object appearing as truly existent, is a complete hallucination. Keep mindfulness: this is a hallucination. Everything appearing real to you, even when you are giving teachings, having meetings, if you are able to meditate in a meeting, the emotional I does not arise. It keeps the mind so peaceful, with inner happiness and peace, you can talk nicely, don’t get angry.
For example, when we get angry, if we suddenly remember that the I is merely labeled by mind, no way to get angry. The anger is gone. Just by thinking that this I is merely labeled by the mind. It is so powerful.
The hallucination is a hallucination. You recognize that. You practise awareness, mindfulness like this all the time. It is so good.
When you go to shop with a meditation like this, it is so great. You have so much happiness, so much peace. Even if there is nothing to buy, you go there to meditate.
Days, weeks, months, another meditation is dependent arising. You know that the I is merely labeled by mind.
Whatever is merely labeled by the mind. Everything is labeled by the mind, when you see this, you realize that everything is empty. Not nihilism, but as empty of existing from their own side. You are thinking of reality.
For example, hallucination is like this. Merely imputed by the mind, suddenly in the next moment, due to ignorance that left negative imprints on the mind, it projects and makes everything real. Now there is hallucination. That ignorance is the magician, everything is illusion. Here, illusion is all your views. Your eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and body are illusions, affected by hallucination.
That is a very good logical reasoning. Dependent arising gives you real good understanding. You can practise mindfulness on this.
I am supposed to speak on compassion.
You kill animals, you cheat, you did many harmful things to sentient beings, but then you make so many water bowl offerings to Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha, and you did all the bad things to sentient beings.
This would not please the Buddhas, by harming sentient beings like that.
There is no pleasing the Buddha and bodhisattvas.
If you treat sentient beings badly and at the same time you make so much offerings to Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha, you will not please the Buddhas and bodhisattvas.
Sentient beings are most precious, most kind, most dear, every sentient being, every insect, mosquito, millipede, …
The bodhisattvas renounce self cherishing thought and only cherishing other sentient beings, thousand times more than the love of a mother for her child, bodhisattvas cherish even the enemies. Numberless bodhisattvas do that. If you were to take one sentient being, and make offering, it is the best offering to numberless bodhisattvas. Buddhas who have completed the path for sentient beings, striving for eons, they do so for sentient beings, they cherish sentient beings the most. So, they did all that for the sake of sentient beings, including achieving enlightenment for their sake.
Like if you praise the child, it would make its mother soooo happy. If you said something bad, it would make the mother so worried. So sentient beings, even small benefits to them, become the best offerings to Buddhas. Whatever service, big or small, you can offer. Anything you can do, even praying, it becomes best offering to numberless Buddhas. If you hurt somebody, it hurts numberless bodhisattvas and Buddhas. It becomes displeasing to them, like the case of mother and child. We must think that in everyday life we practise mindfulness.
By cherishing sentient beings you can achieve enlightenment. If you renounce the person who abuses you, there is no enlightenment. What really pleases Buddhas and bodhisattvas is compassion.
Compassion is like a seed in the beginning. …
In India, when a dog chases a pig around a stupa, the pig escapes by going around the stupa, due to this, when the pig died, it was born in the heaven of Thirty-Three, just by going around the stupa once.
Like the monk who practised Dharma when he was 80 years old. He achieved the arhat state. Because in a distant lifetime, as a fly, it goes around a stupa by following the smell of cowdung. This karma leads to rebirth as a monk and achieves the arya path, and later entering into Mahayana path, to achieve enlightenment. All due to going around the stupa by following cow dung out of attachment.
“Circumambulating them, even by chance.”
There is no limit to the benefits of generating compassion.
Many people with suicidal thoughts, you give them advices, talk to them, help them, when they become free from such thoughts.
Also when you liberate animals from the danger of death.
It is the most important practice.
Three negative actions of body, four of speech and three of mind. Even these, with great compassion, can be transformed into virtue.
Like the past life story of the Buddha, when he as a bodhisattva captain of a ship, in order to rescue people, he is willing to be born in the hell by killing the potential murderer. But his act of killing purifies 100, 000 eons of negative karma. It becomes so close to be free from samsara and achieve enlightenment. This is what happens when done with great compassion. With strong compassion and bodhicitta, even those negative actions can become virtue.
If you can practise compassion in daily life, so much problems made up by your mind would be gone. You won’t have them. The greater your compassion, the lesser the problems you have in your life. It brings so much happiness in the world, in your country, society, family and in yourselves.
Thank you very much.
There is a praise, 108 praises to compassion. I don’t remember by which lama, not sure there is a translation into English or not.
Thank you very much.
There is now the refuge ceremony.
I am giving the rlung of the bodhisattva Ksitigarbha’s long mantra. To stop the earthquake, we did the short mantra of Ksitigarbha.
I received this from Kirti Tsentsab Rinpoche. To receive this rlung, to achieve enlightenment for the sake of all sentient beings, please think that.
Ksitigarbha is the practice, not common in Tibetan society, but it is very common in Chinese society, in Singapore, Hong Kong, in China. In Malaysia, someone has got needle in his body and one young girl recited the Ksitigarbha sutra and that needle came out.
Buddha explained the qualities of Ksitigarbha, which are unbelievable. If you make offering and pray to him, it is 100 million times more powerful than praying to other bodhisattvas.
During the fundraising dinner, I brought or bought a Ksitigarbha statue. But I didn’t realize that it is slightly broken.
Maybe each week we can make offering to it. By making offering and prayer, it is so powerful. Not just for business, also for Dharma practice. 100 million times more powerful than praying to other bodhisattvas.
I will recite Namgalma mantra that prevents rebirth in lower realms. Up to enlightenment you will always be with Buddhas and bodhisattvas. It has incredible benefits.
Now Maitreya Buddha mantra. By hearing it, you will never be reborn in lower realms. There are many benefits. This is one of the best mantras to recite to animals, birds, cats, etc. To get a higher rebirth.
Then, Medicine Buddha mantra, with similar benefits. In general, it is for bringing success.
Longer mantra in the Medicine Buddha Sutra. The fifth Dalai Lama composed a text and it is found in that text.
Due to all the past, present, and future merits collected by me, all the three time merits collected by numberless sentient beings and numberless buddhas,
May bodhicitta, the source of all happiness and success including enlightenment for sentient beings, may it be generated in the hearts of all the six realm sentient beings, in the hearts of everybody in this world,
Not only human beings, also the insects, hungry ghosts, devas, especially in the hearts of students of FPMT, centre benefactors, volunteers working for the centres,
Especially all those who rely upon me, all those whose name has been given to me, all those for whom I have promised to pray for, in all their hearts, especially in all of us here, people who came to Vajrayana Institute, in the beginning, now, and in the future, and the staff, including our family members who died and are living, in everybody’s hearts
Without the delay of even a second and in whose heart it has been developed may it increase.
Long Life prayer of His Holiness
Due to all the past, present, and future merits collected by me, all the three time merits collected by numberless sentient beings and numberless buddhas,
May all of us be guided by Lama Tzongkhapa in all lifetimes, may he be our direct guru, and …
In all the lifetimes,
Due to all the past, present, and future merits collected by me, all the three time merits collected by numberless sentient beings and numberless buddhas,
May all problems in the world, countries, society, family, etc. that came from ignorance, anger, and attachment be pacified.
May everyone receive perfect peace and happiness in their hearts.
May everyone be able to meet the Dharma and achieve enlightenment.
May we able to cherish every sentient being more than skies of diamonds and gold.
May yourself become wish fulfilling jewel that fulfills all the wishes of sentient beings, according to the Dharma.
Which are merely labeled by the mind, may the I, who do not exist from its own side, who is merely labeled by the mind, achieve the state of enlightenment, peerless happiness, which do not exist from its own side, and lead all sentient beings, who do not exist from their own side, to that enlightenment, which does not exist from its own side, by myself alone who does not exist from its own side.
Thank you very much. There are 7 people taking refuge.
Page 34 short mandala offering
Page 34 request for the Lama to remain long
Three things to abandon, three things to practise, as the refuge precepts.
There is a refuge book. Everything is in it. Very helpful, when there is no time. The benefits of taking refuge and precepts.
The last prayer in that book is a Christian prayer of St Francis, I have included it here. I only changed the last one, regarding heresy. I thought it is very nice. Please read this, it gives good explanation. Geshela would explain more.
Until I become free from oceans of samsaric sufferings, achieve ultimate happiness, until then, I have to suffer, not only beginningless experience of oceans of samsaric sufferings of six realms, again I have to experience them. Unbelievable. I cannot help sentient beings, if myself is in this state. Cannot help them, cannot liberate them from samsara.
Therefore, I am going for refuge to Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha to achieve enlightenment for sentient beings.
I go for refuge to the Buddha, as founder of refuge, Dharma is actual refuge, and Sangha is helper of refuge. Like a doctor who discovers the disease and gives medicine, the medicine that actually helps, and the nurse that helps with the taking of medicine.
First is taking refuge in Buddha, who has ceased gross and subtle obscurations and completed all realizations. That is the Buddha.
With whole heart rely on Buddha, 100000 times more than outside doctors. With Buddha you can be freed from oceans of samsaric sufferings.
Now, taking refuge in Dharma. Buddha has both absolute and conventional forms—dharmakaya and nirmanakaya.
Dharma has two. Absolute dharma is the wisdom directly perceiving emptiness that totally ceases obscurations. Conventional dharma is the three baskets of teachings, like lam-rim, those texts. Take refuge in both.
Sangha has two—absolute Sangha are those who have direct realizations of ultimate wisdom directly perceiving emptiness. This can be an ordained person or lay person, with such a wisdom. Who has cessation of obscurations and sufferings. Conventional Sangha is four fully ordained monks or nuns, not arya persons, ordinary persons living in pure vows.
Someone who wears red robes, brown robes, blue robes, … as long as they are Buddhists, you think that they are the Sangha who helps me to be free from samsara.
If you are taking the five precepts, or four, or three, or two, or one. Or you can just take the refuge. Buddha is so compassionate, he gives much choice. The five precepts are to abstain from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct – not having sex with people who belong to others, telling lies – the heaviest lie is when you have no realization and you tell others that you have. The last precept is to abstain from alcohol and also drugs. It destroys jobs, proper livelihood. From those five, if you are taking any number of them, or only taking refuge but not any of those five, it is still okay. Buddha is so compassionate and gives so much choice according to our capacity.
Rely on Dharma more than 100,000 times on external medicine. By rely on Dharma you become free from oceans of samsaric sufferings.
You rely on Sangha more than 100,000 times than on external nurses, with the result of being freed from samsara.
You get so much merits day and night by taking the precepts. You stop giving harm to other sentient beings, you bring happiness to other sentient beings. This is your contribution to world peace.
May I complete the pure morality, by keeping without mistake, by keeping it pure without pride.
To meet Lama Tzongkhapa teachings, and to actualize Lama Tzongkhapa teachings.
Which are merely labeled by the mind, may the I, who is merely labeled by the mind, achieve the state of enlightenment, which is merely labeled by the mind, and lead all sentient beings, who are merely labeled by the mind, to that full enlightenment, peerless happiness, which is merely labeled by the mind, by myself alone who is also merely labeled by the mind.[END OF TRANSCRIPT]
Date: 13 June 2015
Location: Vajrayana Institute – Sydney – Australia
Topic: Buddha Dharma for Daily Life
Type of Material: Unedited Transcript
Good afternoon. Those who are here and who are outside, everyone, Thank you very much to come and share the discovery of life, what is said by Buddha and by the omniscient one, compassion to all sentient beings. He said, to not commit unwholesome actions that are causes of suffering, to engage in perfect wholesome actions, which are perfect causes of happiness. Happiness is not only temporary happiness, on top of that, not only happiness of this life, but also happiness of coming future lives. Not only hundreds, thousands, millions, depend on individual persons, living beings, millions, zillions, trillions, until one achieves total peerless happiness, elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations, sang-gye in tibetan, that peerless happiness.
Ult happiness, liberation forever from oceans of samsaric sufferings, samsara in sanskrit, circling, kor wa in Tibetan, not only that, peerless happiness, great nirvana, the total elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations.
In this life, now, we have gathered all conditions to create perfect cause of happiness. Rather than worry over problem and suffering, and do nothing. Create causes of happiness. You just worry about your problems, spending your precious human rebirth in worrying, not creating causes of happiness. Not learning how to create the cause of happiness. Not opening your heart, not giving freedom to yourself.
Run away from,… create causes for problems and just worry over that. I may have cancer, etc., I may die, just worry. You do nothing.
We are at the right time, to be free from sickness, death, but we are not learning the method to be free from such problems. Even the suffering of death and rebirth, we can be free from that.
By learning true paths taught by Buddha, the Four Noble Truths, something you have to understand.
If you want to be free from suffering, you want to be free from that you have to learn true paths.
You have to give freedom to yourself. You have to open your mind.
Give happiness to yourselves.
Not only for this life happiness, but up to full enlightenment. Total elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations.
We have to allow, we have to open the eye of the mind, wisdom.
We have to generate infinite compassion to sentient beings.
Generate ultimate wisdom. Open your mental eye.
At this time, with all precious conditions gathered, you can learn,
Having received the most precious precious human rebirth, so opportunity to learn.
To eliminate the darkness of suffering and keep on,… no one puts you in suffering, but due to the darkness of mind, ignorance, wrong concepts, the hallucinating mind, not going towards the light, the mental light, not going towards light but going towards darkness, we therefore suffer ourselves. That is the whole point.
We have to know what’s right and wrong. What brings confusion, suffering, and causes suffering and problem to others who are numberless.
To bring happiness to yourselves and others who are numberless.
Not knowing what is right and wrong.
This time we have great opportunity to learn that, not just intellectually, but to practise. Intellectual learning is good.
But most important is to discover, actualize, to see mentally. That is the real science, inner science.
So, this time, we are so lucky, fortunate, so fortunate, conditions are gathered to learn, to free yourselves from suffering.
From beginningless suffering. Now you have the freedom to free yourselves from suffering of samsara.
We should not waste precious human rebirth, most precious human rebirth, we should not take it for granted.
Thinking that I am hopeless, can’t do anything. You have all the capacities of an omniscient one. To be free from inner causes of suffering. Your wrong concepts, the hallucinating mind. The delusions and karma, actions. The root is ignorance.
Not knowing the I, that appears in totally wrong way and believe in that false I. From beginningless rebirths, not just from this morning.
To cease that, to free, to cease that, great great opportunity to discover that and to realize, to eliminate that. By realizing the ultimate nature of I. The ultimate nature of I, tong pa nyi, only-emptiness, tong pa is emptiness, nyi is only. It cuts ordinary emptiness. That is a particular word. By adding nyi, which is not in English translation. But whoever translates it initially, it becomes known as such. Nyi is missing in the translation. Need to join to that. So much use now. Depend on the context. Not just tong pa, tong pa nyi. In Sanskrit, it is shunyata.
I forgot what I am talking.
The emphasis, the most important precious human rebirth that, our mind has all the potentials of an omniscient one.
Who has totally ceased obscurations and completed all realizations. We have the same capacity to be like that.
To have infinite compassion towards numberless sentient beings. An omniscient mind knowing directly past, present, future. Perfect power to, numberless narak hell beings, hungry ghosts, animals, humans, asuras, and suras, numberless beings, to benefit them, to free them gradually from oceans of samsaric sufferings forever, not just for a few days. By freeing them from the causes of suffering. Without any effort, naturally. Can do that. Like when one sun is shining, it is reflected in all waters, like oceans, drops of water, everywhere, without need of any motivation wanting to reflect. Every living being can enjoy it, plants, animals, etc. Can benefit sentient beings and bring so much happiness, all the way up to peerless happiness, sang-gye, elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations. Peerless happiness. Bring to every living being. Able to bring temporary and ultimate happiness, without effort, naturally, like sunlight reflected in water, millions, zillions, trillions reflections in water effortlessly. We have all the potentials this time. Especially with our human body, brain…
Animals must go… the millipede also has the same potential, but they don’t have human rebirth now. We have human body, wow, wow, wow, most unbelievable…
I need to say this, suras and asuras, worldly gods, they do not have opportunities like us. Worldly gods do not have good karma like us.
So, those gods in the Thirty Three Realm, the omniscient one manifests as a drum, the sound of the drum gives teachings to those worldly gods in the Thirty Three Realm, they cannot receive teachings like guru and disciple. They are not able to receive teachings taught by the omniscient one in the form of a guru and disciple relationship. So they have to receive teachings from a drum, a mudra (seal), …
All compounded phenomena are of the nature of impermanence.
All contaminated phenomena are of the nature of suffering.
All existents are empty, no-self.
This means that they exist as mere name, they do not exist as they appear to our mind. As we trust completely as true, but it isn’t true the way they appear to our mind. We completely trust in that appearance. Self exists in mere name, but it does not exist truly. It is not the real self.
The fourth line: nirvana is great peace.
The worldly gods have no karma to learn those, the path to enlightenment.
The way we are now, where we are, the continent is the southern continent, there are other continents, universes.
Eastern continent, we are in the south. There is the western continent. Also the northern one.
The northern continent, the lifespan of humans there live over a thousand years. There is no beggar. Everyone lives like worldly gods.
No beggar. Everybody lives for a thousand years. I did see many.. in American Time magazine, not sure which one, so many years ago in one magazine, one photographer, in Switzerland, the person has permission to bring the… outside, he brought the camera to set up outside, maybe not in the city, maybe in the countryside, a bit later, there … flying saucer, not a normal airplane, there is one … face very long, ears very long, the person was there for a few minutes and talked to them, where we come from, we live for a thousand years… and then flew away after saying a few words.
Maybe from time to time, aliens from another world, they come…
From different parts of the world,…
The way the alien described is like the northern continent. This is side talk.
This precious human rebirth is so precious. More precious than deva realms, other human continents, this southern continent is said by the omniscient one…
The precious teachings of the omniscient one are existing, not only sutra but Mahayana tantra, vajrayana. Not only talking this centre (Vajrayana Institute).
These teachings exist. Only this world, only humans in this continent are the only ones who can achieve peerless happiness, the state of omniscience, elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations in one brief lifetime during this degenerate times. Only us. Only humans in this continent. Other humans in the other continents do not have this opportunity. To be free from suffering of death, rebirth, old age, sicknesses, to achieve the ultimate happiness forever, does not degenerate, no cause for degenerate. It is not like washing our body, every day we have to do it. Our human body is so so so precious. By this reason. Therefore, we must pay attention and day and night make it meaningful.
As meaningful as possible. Not to take it for granted. Not to use this human life to create causes of suffering. Not to use this most precious human life to create the causes of suffering. That is not the way to use it. It has all the potential to create the causes of happiness, peerless happiness, full enlightenment. That is very important.
In the beginning, for the new people who haven’t studied meditation, Dharma, the protection from suffering. The holding you back from falling into suffering.
First, some brief advices for those who have not learned much meditation and Dharma, who didn’t get to learn true paths, just a few words…
What we want is happiness, what we do not want is suffering. Happiness and suffering all come from the mind. Not come from outside. It appears to our mind as if it comes from outside, but it is not like that. It is coming from one’s own mind. There can be conditions outside, but it comes from the mind. Those things, external things, become conditions for your suffering. They also come from your mind. The main cause is the mind. The main cause of suffering and happiness is your mind.
The rough, the worse, the heaviest suffering among sufferings, the hell, named hell, because among sufferings, it is the heaviest. Even that also comes from the mind. Among happiness, peerless happiness forever also created by your mind, came from your mind.
Samsara, circling, being under the control of delusions and karma, nirvana, peerless happiness, ultimate happiness forever, not just a few days, weeks, not that, forever, ultimate happiness came from one’s own mind.
Your happiness, your hell, your full enlightenment came from your own mind. Your samsara, your ultimate happiness came from your own mind. Everyday life happiness and problem came from your own mind.
But if you think differently, if you think differently, for example, you know, while the mind is cherishing self, the I, you find many problems in life. This is not good, not enough, so many problems in life. So many things no good, bad. You live your life in suffering, in worries. That’s how our lives finish, by suffering. Not taking opportunity to enjoy our life, to create happiness. Instead of creating happiness, just create suffering on and on, on and on, by cherishing self, the I, you find many problems. The minute you change your mind, think differently, cherishing others, solved. Before you have so many problems, now they are not there. It becomes like, inner peace, inner happiness, satisfaction, you find satisfaction while you are in toilet, in the market, walking on the road, not just on your cushion, when you change your mind from cherishing self to cherishing others. You blow up the balloon, thinking how this is bad, this person is harming me, on and on, on and on, goes for days, months, years, … like blowing up a balloon, getting bigger, bigger, your concepts, holding and cherishing I, you don’t realize your mistake. Difficult to see that.
Fortunately, if you can cherishing others, even one person, one insect, you cherish others your problem is solved. You certainly have inner happiness. Your mind cherishing others, good heart, brought happiness, create happiness. Like that example.
Then your face changes. Before your face is very intense, your veins are on the outside, very stressed out, no smile, very stressed out, very cold, can’t smile. Now, your face changes, even your face changes when your mind changes, when you see the meaning of life,
Even your face relaxes, smile comes, happy looking, not the political smile – not a smile from the heart.
Not the worldly smile. It is the smile of the eight worldly Dharmas. Not that one.
Sincere smile, smile of compassion, smile of loving-kindness, of good heart,
That makes your life longer, generally, except people who are so depressed, who think life is hopeless, that negative side, those who have so much pain, they think death, to die now is the solution. They think like that. Not thinking, body and mind are two things. Body is touchable, colours and shape. Mind doesn’t have colour and shape, no form, formless, clear and perceiving objects. Body is not like that.
Those who don’t know, general people in the world don’t know, after death, the mind continues, the body does not continue.
The body disintegrates, but the mind continues all the time. The continuation of the mind has no beginning. As it has no beginning, it has no end. Even though when you become fully enlightened, it does not end.
Those who don’t know about the mind. Most people in the world don’t know the nature of the mind. The mental suffering created by the mind, unbearable, thinking like that, thinking that dying right now is the solution. Even intellectually we know, that the mind continues, but at that time when we face problems, normally we accept it intellectually, but in the face of difficulty, the problem is so unbearable, it may cause us to generate the thought to die, trying to kill ourselves, jump into the river, climbing to the highest storey building and jump, to commit suicide, causes us to give rise to the thought to kill ourselves,
There is something to do with attachment, big problem with attachment, strong self cherishing thought, so strong attachment, , something happens, didn’t succeed, some problems happen, the spirits connected and harmed, this gives rise to negative thoughts to harm oneself, to commit suicide, the person alone won’t be able to tie oneself up high up to the beam, yourself alone without spirits connected, then you use the rope to tie yourself high up to a beam, and kill yourself. Yourself alone, without the interference of spirits, this is something that you can’t do. This is due to spirit harms. They cause…
Even intellectually we may know, but when problems come, some shocks occur, strong attachment, when something we have strong attachment to and it didn’t succeed, then spirits are able to connect and cause harm, this happens in the world everyday, with so many people committing suicide.
In the West, this is not known about spirits connecting… about suicide… However, since I brought up this subject, it is important to know. When your mind is depressed and thought of suicide comes, I am sure here we got this thought many times, when our mind is depressed. At that time it is very important to think that the nature of the mind is totally different from the body. It is formless, colourless, shapeless. The continuation of the mind has no beginning and no end. It always exists. The mind has to reincarnate, after separating from the body.
Transmigration to bad or happy realms, happy transmigration means to reincarnate in happy realms. There is no third way to reincarnate, either evil transmigration or happy transmigration, referring to human and deva rebirths. Some living beings, their minds reincarnate in the Buddha’s pure land.
Life doesn’t stop… this particular life does not stop but the general life continuation does not stop. The general life continuation, continuum, does not stop.
What causes us to reincarnate in lower realms is negative thoughts, negative actions. They cause rebirth in bad transmigration. Positive thought, action, causes us to be reborn in happy realms, devas, human or pure land.
Generally, people in the society, in the world, due to attachment, didn’t become positive actions. You can see from that side, from motivation side, negative motivation of attachment to this life, actions become negative, reborn in the lower realms of hell, hungry ghosts and animals. If you are reborn there, suffering is… even all human problems are, even the heaviest human problems put together, and compared to the suffering of cold hells, hot hells, there is no comparison. It is a great pleasure, great peace – human problems – compared to the small suffering of cold or hot hell realms. It is nothing in comparison with the lower realms suffering.
It is so important to think to remember, when suicidal thought arises, that mind has to reincarnate, it does not end, it has to separate from the body being different from the body and reincarnate. To remember that there is reincarnation. If you think you have a big problem, then basically it is created by your own mind, your wrong concepts, then at that time think that you have to reincarnate, your mind has to reincarnate, it does not stop, it has no end. You have to remember that.
Then, thinking in that way, your suicidal thoughts will stop. By thinking the unbelievable suffering you have to face [in future lives], the heavy suffering of lower realms, your current problems are nothing. It is very important to think about reincarnation, even if you intellectually know this. If your husband or wife left you suddenly, even if you are Buddhist and you believe in reincarnation, when that happens, not only that, but also in other cases, that is just an example, even long time Buddhists may… without meditating on the nature of life, of impermanence, until we are free from delusions and karma, we have to reincarnate. Until we are free from delusions and karma, we have to experience death. If we are free from that, we are free from that. Again, since you are born, you have to die. That is the general thing for samsaric beings. If you actualize the path, the four Noble Truths, in this very lifetime, as taught by the omniscient one, in this very life, with the wisdom directly perceiving emptiness, then you would cease the seeds of delusions, that create samsara. Then, you become free from delusions and karma, then you don’t have to reincarnate, you would be free from samsara. If you are like that,…. Otherwise, in general, after birth, there is death… and there is reincarnation…
Even if you cannot develop the understanding of reincarnation, you can’t accept it now. If it is difficult to accept now, you can think about other things you can do in this life, other precious things in this life, you can achieve great happiness, many meaningful things in life, many precious things you can do in this life for others, that means, to others and thereby, naturally, for yourselves.
If you can’t think in terms of reincarnation, you can think about all the precious things you can do, this can stop the suicidal thoughts.
Sorry this has taken so long.
Everything came from the mind, all the suffering and happiness.
Your mind is the creator, even sometimes when you get angry at someone, suddenly anger comes and controls your life, sometimes you have, due to some situations, the person didn’t do what you said, you can see a chance as to whether you should get angry or not, when someone did something you don’t like, you have a choice — should I get angry or not? You just follow the angry thoughts, this person did this or that wrong, the projection of anger. You have a choice to get angry or not. Sometimes you have no choice. That is just an example. You are the creator of your happiness and your suffering. Should I get angry or not? That is very interesting. You can follow anger, thinking he is bad, bad…
Otherwise, there is freedom.
Therefore, meditation, practising Dharma, that means, you must know the main thing is, the mind to not become… to transform mind into healthy mind, virtuous thought, not allow negative unhealthy, if the mind is unhealthy, the body becomes unhealthy. The mind being unhealthy, it disturbs…
Like the person riding on the horse is disturbed, the horse will also be uncomfortable.
The mind gets disturbed, the wind also gets disturbed. The four elements in your body become disturbed, unbalanced, leading to sickness, blood circulation is disturbed, leading to heart attack, all scientists have checked… those who have died are discovered to be more impatient with more anger, maybe more suicidal among those with more anger… they found out about this scientifically. I heard from Dr Chu-nan Lai.
High blood pressure, heart attack, all these are more possible with anger.
I remember… last year, not so long ago, one older student from Switzerland, he has very high blood pressure, he was in Nepal…
I mentioned him to practise Tong-len, taking on other sentient beings’ suffering into your heart, to destroy your self cherishing, the inner enemy, the great demon. Destroy this self cherishing thought, and generate loving-kindness, you give away your three time merits and all happiness up to enlightenment to all sentient beings, your body, possessions, merits, results up to enlightenment, you give to sentient beings. This visualization…and something else to practise. I told him to do that meditation. He did it many times, and definitely his blood pressure goes down after half an hour, whenever he did Tong-len. You can say that it is scientifically proven. This is because blood pressure is due to self cherishing thought, the main cause. Anger is due to the main cause, the self cherishing thought. Tong len, cherishing other sentient beings, letting go of the I, cherishing other sentient beings, when you totally change your mind, you bring your blood pressure down. By generating the ultimate good heart, bodhicitta.
Also one lady in Nepal, when I was in America, she has high blood pressure, went to hospitals and took medicine, but didn’t go down.
I asked her to do the Tong len meditation, then her blood pressure went down, changed. Doctors are very surprised. The family is very surprised. Since she received my instructions, she practised and the blood pressure changed. There are many other cases, this is one I remember.
The result of cherishing others and the result of cherishing self, there are big differences.
Definitely, when the doctor says you have cancer, you must do this practice. It is a great, great opportunity, to inspire you to practise this. For you, the doctor becomes great guru to do this practice. Even though normally you don’t do it, even if you know intellectually how to do it. Therefore, the doctor, like those who harmed you become your great guru, likewise your doctor becomes a guru, for you to practise bodhicitta, good heart.
When you do taking on suffering of numberless sentient beings’ suffering and give away your three time merits and all happiness up to enlightenment to other sentient beings, when you do that, there are more than sky of merits are collected, when you do that meditation. It purifies obscurations collected from beginningless rebirths. There are unbelievable merits.
When you take on others’ suffering and its causes, from each sentient being, wow, wow, the amount of merits… when you give a hat you wear, different shoes to wear during different seasons, in the room and outside the house, so many shoes and hats, with each, when you give away even small thing, you are giving away to every sentient being, not just to one sentient being, you create more than skies of merits, by dedicating numberless shoes and hats to numberless sentient beings. I am just giving a small example, of the practice of Tong len.
Then, there is the giving your body away in the form,… as taught by my guru, when you do the practice of Chod, during the white distribution, when you transform your body into nectar and offer to six realms sentient beings. When you visualize you transform the skin, blood, flesh, etc, into nectar and offer that. In lam rim, you visualize your body as numberless wish fulfilling jewels and give that away, cherishing numberless sentient beings. Numberless narak hell beings, hungry ghosts, animals, humans, asuras, and suras. Numberless ants, animals, …
All the money in your bank, even one rupee, one dollar, make charity with that, you give to numberless sentient beings, even just one dollar, you create skies of merits with that giving. Unbelievable.
Our three time merits and the result, all happiness up to enlightenment, up to peerless happiness, are given to numberless sentient beings. What a huge amount of merit you collect by giving it away in this way.
It purifies your obscurations, negative karma collected from beginningless rebirths, so much are purified. That becomes the quickest path to achieve enlightenment, to be free from samsara. It makes your life most meaningful.
I want to say this, Maitreya Buddha when he was a bodhisattva, generated bodhicitta before Shakyamuni Buddha, but he becomes enlightened later. Why? What happened.. one time there was some families… there are five tigers dying of starvation, Shakyamuni Buddha as a bodhisattva at that lifetime, offered his body to the tigers, but they didn’t come to eat him. He has to cut himself to bleed, then the mother tiger came to eat him. In this way he can make charity of his body.
In Shantideva’s Guide to the Bodhisattva Way of Life, a great saint, a great sage from Nalanda monastery, he mentioned that even if we gave harm to a bodhisattva, due to that connection, there will be benefits… due to the bodhicitta of that bodhisattva. Hence, those tigers in the future lives, become the disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha and received the first five disciples.
Due to the much stronger compassion of Shakyamuni Buddha, he was able to achieve enlightenment earlier than Maitreya Buddha.
Even if not all sentient beings, even to one sentient being, one animal, one person, to be able to generate strong compassion, that will help us to achieve enlightenment quicker. Even if it is to just one sentient being. If we can generate stronger compassion, that will bring us to enlightenment quicker.
Maybe I will mention here. By generating unbearable compassion to one sentient being, one living being, it enables us to achieve enlightenment so fast. I will give one example.
In the Vajrayogini commetary, there is this story. The great yogi… Ngapa … who usually travelled in the sky with 500 dakinis around him. During one period when he was doing the last part of the practice to enlightenment, in a place called …, it must be near where I lived for 8 years, near Buxa. There is a season, when many people will go to a cave, with iron bars, and not easy to climb up… In the cave, there are the …, the umze, leader of the puja, the old one who has now passed away, he went there and he heard music from trumpets, long horns, chanting coming from the cave, even when he cannot see anything there. He can hear the Mahayana tantric ritual with all the music instruments. The chanting he heard he taught to the monks in Dharamsala. It is near Buxa, a concentration camp, where I lived for 8 years [as a refugee camp]. During that time, there were maybe 60 monks in residence back then, monks were put there temporarily.
My teacher who took care of me in Tibet, enabling me to become a monk, he and some other monks when to see that cave…
That great yogi went to that place to do his last practice of tantra, before the attainment of enlightenment. There was one lady waiting, near to a huge river. She was totally full of leprosy disease, with pus and blood coming out from her body. She asked the great yogi, please take me to the other side of the river. But the great yogi didn’t help her. Later, she asked one of the yogi’s students, a novice monk. When he saw her, he developed unbearable compassion, and he was not supposed to touch women. Also, leprosy being contagious, … but he has no thought of fear, due to unbearable compassion, he carried her on his back and crossed the river. In the middle of the river, without completely crossing it, when they reached the middle of that river, that lady was not an ordinary sentient being, even if she appeared to be ordinary. She transformed into Dorje Palmo, Vajrayogini, she took the monk in that very body, without the need to die, to the pure land of Vajrayogini. Anyone who is born there becomes enlightened immeditately. Pabhongkha Rinpoche mentioned this in his commentary on Vajrayogini. The monk went to the pure land, without the need to die. He went straight to the pure land, became enlightened before his own guru, the great yogi.
Due to not able to see the lady as Vajrayogini, as a Buddha, one who has ceased all mistakes and completed all qualities, not an ordinary being, the monk’s mind is obscured by defilements, and can only see her as an ordinary person with pus and blood on her body. But due to his unbearable compassion, he has no time to consider all these, he immediately carried her on his back. This purifies his mind and for him to see her as a Buddha, due to unbearable compassion for one living being. This purifies all negative karma. This completely purifies the defilements, which projected the Buddha as an ordinary sentient being. This purifies that impure, negative karma. As that karma is purified, there is no projection of an ordinary being, so he can see her as the Buddha. Even at the middle of the river, the purification is complete. He can see a Buddha as a Buddha. And he got to be taken immediately to the pure land. This is due to generating good heart for just one sentient being. This is what happens as a result. He would then be able to work for all sentient beings.
In the hell realm, in one of Buddha Shakyamuni’s past life stories, at the occasion of his first generation of bodhicitta, at that time, there was a person pulling a carriage on a hot, burning iron ground in that hell. There was a Yama guardian sitting on that carriage. When he saw that, the Buddha has this thought, better that I suffer than for that person to suffer in that way, I will pull the carriage by myself. Instead of having another person to suffer with him, why not let that person be free from suffering.
Due to this, the Yama guardian hit a hammer on his head, when he generated this thought of freeing the other person from suffering. That caused him to be free from that hell realm, and be reborn in Tushita or the Thirty-three realm of the devas, the gods. This is totally different from the hell, with unbelievable sensual enjoyments.
Then, another thing, Asanga meditated on Maitreya Buddha in India, at a place near Bodhgaya, I heard of the place but I didn’t make it to see that place, you have to climb the mountain for quite a bit, people said that I can be carried in a carriage, but I didn’t feel comfortable… There are some distance to go from Bodhgaya…
Asanga did three years retreat but nothing happened. He came out of retreat and he saw a bird flying back to its nest on the rock face. Its wings kept touching the rock, which was worn out even though the feather is soft and the rock is hard. He therefore decided to go back into retreat. Another three years passed, similarly nothing happened. That time, he saw droplets of water has bored a hole in the rock just by dripping on it. He saw that even water can make a hole in the rock. Inspired, he went back into retreat for another three years. Again nothing happened. He gave up and came out, he saw someone was cutting the rock into shape. He was again inspired to do another three year retreat. A total of 12 years, again nothing happened. He came out, he saw a black dog with its lower body full of maggots in its wound. He felt unbelievable compassion for the dog, for having infection, filled with maggots. He cut his calf, his flesh so that the maggots have something to eat. Not wanting to harm the maggots by picking them with his hands, he used his tongue. But unable to bear the sight, he closed his eyes but he cannot touch anything. When he opened his eyes, he saw Maitreya Buddha. That dog is actually Maitreya Buddha. He immediately grapped Maitreya and asked why nothing happened for so long. Maitreya Buddha took him to Tushita pureland, not the worldly god realm, not the Tushita centre in Dharamsala, India. He took Asanga to pureland, gave teachings for one morning, the teachings on the five texts of Maitreya: Ornament for Clear Realizations, etc. That one morning in the god realm is equivalent to 50 human years. When Asanga returned to human realm, he wrote down that five texts.
Much later, Lama Atisha came to Tibet from India, when there were big problems with Buddhism in Tibet. Lots of confusion and misunderstanding. Degeneration of Dharma in Tibet at that time. A Tibetan king invited Lama Atisha to Tibet. He has unbelievable devotion to Lama Atisha, tears came to his eyes just by hearing the name of Lama Atisha.
He looked for gold in order to invite Lama Atisha to Tibet, but he was caught by another king. His nephrew went to get him freed from prison, to pay the ransom, and was told that there is not enough gold. The king said that he would rather die in prison, instead of paying the ransom. Use the gold to invite Lama Atisha to Tibet instead. The king died in prison.
An entourage was sent to India to invite Lama Atisha, who heard the whole story. Lama Atisha consulted Tara, if I go to Tibet, will my life be beneficial to Tibet? Tara advised that his life would be highly beneficial but his lifespan will be shortened for seven years. Lama Atisha said that that does not matter to him. He went to Tibet, but first under the pretense of going on pilgrimage, because his own monastery in India would not allow him to leave.
He was requested to give very simple teachings to the Tibetans, who were very ignorant. To give teachings on refuge and karma, didn’t ask for high teachings of shunyata.
Lama Atisha integrated all Buddha teachings, Hinayana and Mahayana teachings, as well as the Mahayana tantra teachings, in a way as for one person’s gradual practice to achieve enlightenment. This cancelled all misconceptions in Tibet at that time. Buddhism in Tibet thereby became pure. That text composed by Atisha was sent subsequently to India, where the pundits were impressed by that. This came much later than Asanga’s writing of Maitreya’s five texts.
Lama Atisha composed the lam rim and many other lamas composed lam rim teachings, this enables so many beings to become Buddhas, by practising those teachings from Maitreya, which were included in Atisha’s text. Numberless beings became Buddhas. This is due to compassion of Asanga. Great compassion of Asanga, when he picked up the worms.
Just one person’s great compassion can lead to all these benefits to sentient beings. You should know that story in this way.
I was going to say something for the beginners, but got mixed up.
By knowing this, you know what is the great meaning of life. That is to practise the good heart. I am talking about the benefits of the good heart. You should understand the essence, the great meaning of life.
Buddha said in the Dharmapada:
The Dharma, existents, are created by mind.
The mind is principal. It goes before action. It is preliminary to action.
For example, with a good heart, when you speak to somebody with a good heart, what comes, the result is happiness, from that action, from talking to someone with good heart. The result is happiness.
Like wherever the body is, the shadow comes. Also, there is a need of light. Wherever the body goes, the shadow follows.
When the virtuous action is done, definitely there is result.
All existents are created by the mind.
Mind is principal. It goes before, preliminary to action.
By thinking with bad heart, bad motivation, when you talk to somebody, the result is suffering.
Example given: it is like, in India, an ox has to pull a heavy carriage. Many people, with heavy luggages, on the carriage. The ox got beaten if it didn’t move. Until it died, can’t move, can’t stand, it got beaten all the time. It can’t express, unable to talk, its tiredness, etc. so much suffering like that. Buddha used that example. Bad motivation, talking to somebody with bad motivation, the result is suffering arises.
The conclusion, for beginners, is that really you want happiness and don’t want suffering, similarly others are exactly the same. They don’t want suffering, even in their dreams, not even the smallest suffering. They want the smallest of pleasures. This is the same for you.
In the text of Guru Puja, by Panchen Losang Chokyi Gyeltsen, the great enlightened being:
Others want to be happy..
You become happy when others become happy. Others being numberless.
You don’t want the smallest suffering, others are the same.
Here, even one sentient being, who is more precious? You or the other? We should analyze, we should meditate.
The monk in the previous story, he didn’t think about I, he cherishes this lady, this one person. With unbearable compassion he carried her on his back. As a result, he achieved enlightenment in that life, on that day. The result is huge. Elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations. Wow wow wow.
You think your happiness, like in the west, we think day and night, when can I be happy? When can I be happy? Like a mantra recited by tibetan beggars. When can I be happy? Self cherishing thought is of course not limited to the west, also in the east. But you see, when I heard the stories, the problems. So much are due to the self cherishing thought. There is a huge difference between self cherishing thought and bodhicitta.
The main mental problem, depression, so many millions of people suffering from depression, problem of the mind.
Even just one being, he benefits that one being and achieves enlightenment. There are so many stories like that.
Even for one living being, if you cherish that other one, what happens… It is like the stories I have told so far. The benefits.
In our lives, how to make your life happy, meaningful, beneficial? The question: how to make your life most beneficial to all sentient beings? To ALL sentient beings.
That is to change the mind, the attitude of your life, from only cherishing self to cherishing others. Even if not all sentient beings, just one. With that motivation, dedicate your life to others.
There is no question regarding meditation, even when you are walking, sleeping, etc., working at your job, live your life for others, even if it is only for one other being. Even for one other animal. You live your life to bring happiness to others, even if you cannot accept reincarnation. This is something you can do now, you can change. Do this now: live your life for others, pacify suffering. Live your life, working for government, for company, for Dharma centres, in this way. This brings inner happiness, satisfaction. Your mind is very calm. Self cherishing working only for yourself, working day and night, for just one sentient being which is you, then there would be so many problems and suffering. Life becomes very poor, like those of animals. Even if you have trillions of dollars, eating millions dollars food, your mind won’t be happy. Mind suffers a lot.
Live your life with a kind heart for others, whatever you are doing, eating, sitting, working…
I plan to go through and explain the meditation on lam rim, the rest of one’s life as a Dharma practice. What I have said would become a part of that. For the very beginner, who has never heard teachings or meditation, this is what I have to say. You do good things for others, your own happiness comes by the way, while you are working for others. Achieving happiness for others, relieving their problems, while you are doing that, your own happiness comes naturally, without any need to worry about it.
One action, with two successes. This is very wise. Living with good heart is very wise. Whether you are a beggar or billionare, this is a very wise way. Billionares who have everything can have great suffering.
Think of others first, happiness for others and happiness for you. This is true success.
The other way: working only for yourselves. Shantideva, great bodhisattva, mentioned that working for yourselves you would not achieve enlightenment, even the happiness of this life would not succeed. It creates obstacles for happiness of this life. That is the experience.
The good heart is very important. Even if you don’t accept reincarnation and karma, this one is most important. Because you don’t want to receive harm from others, you want love from others,…
First, others need your help. From that cause, you would receive help from others, kindness from others.
Create the cause for happiness.
May bodhicitta, the source of all happiness and success including enlightenment for sentient beings, may it be generated in the hearts of all the six realm sentient beings, in the hearts of everybody in this world,
Not only human beings, also the insects, hungry ghosts, devas, especially in the hearts of students of FPMT, centre benefactors, volunteers working for the centres,
Especially all those who rely upon me, all those whose name has been given to me, all those for whom I have promised to pray for, in all their hearts, especially in all of us here including our family members who died and are living, in everybody’s hearts
It seems that this prayer has…, not only to generate bodhicitta, doing this prayer like this, I noticed recently, in Italy, one lady’s dog was very sick. Supposed to be dead. Went to the vet, and they thought the dog would die. Asked her to take it back to home. They would have an idea, having worked with animals for a long time. That lady took her dog back home. She put my picture in front of the dog, and she relied upon me. With strong reliance, as a result, the dog got better and now it is healthy. It was supposed to be dead, according to the vet. I think, in the Blue Mountains, there was a small girl, who was sick. Someone gave her a picture of me, that the young girl placed on her heart, and she relied upon me and she got better. These are stories I heard recently. This is not because I am special, but it is due to that prayer of dedication to help sentient beings.
Especially all those who rely upon me, all those whose name has been given to me, all those for whom I have promised to pray for, in all their hearts, especially in all of us here including our family members who died and are living, in everybody’s hearts,
Especially those who come to Vajrayana Institute in the beginning, now, and in the future, ..
May bodhicitta be generated in our hearts
Without the delay of even a second and in whose heart it has been developed may it increase.
Which exists in the mere name, may the I, who exist in mere name, achieve the total elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations, which exists in mere name, and lead all sentient beings, who exist in mere name, to that enlightenment, Buddhahood, total elimination of all obscurations and completion of all realizations, which exists in mere name, by myself alone who exist in mere name.
Just as the brave Manjushri and Samantabhadra too, realized things as they are, also I dedicate all these merits in the best way, that I may follow their perfect example.
I dedicate all these roots of virtue with the dedication praised as the best by the victorious ones thus gone of the three times, so that I might perform the noble bodhisattvas’ deeds.
Thank you and good night.